The prevalence of myopia among children and adolescents in China remains high. Currently, the prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents has risen to the level of national health strategy and has attracted extensive attention from the society. Although the role of outdoor activities in preventing myopia is significant, it also has many limitations. Therefore, it is necessary to explore more effective methods for comprehensive intervention. Based on current evidence, in addition to ongoing investigatation of the role of daytime outdoor activities in myopia prevention, emerging controllable environmental and behavioral factors, e.g. increase of indoor high-frequency visual information, regulation of sleep and biological rhythm and dietary supplement of polyunsaturated fatty acids ω–3, warrents further attention and active transformation into appropriate technologies for myopia prevention and control.
【摘要】 中国儿童青少年近视率居髙不下, 儿童青少年近视防控工作已经上升到国家健康战略的层面并且受到社会各界 的广泛关注。虽然户外活动预防近视的作用较为明显, 但也存在较多局限性, 因此需要探寻更多近视防控的有效方法进行 综合干预。结合目前的研究进展, 在推进增加日间户外活动预防近视的同时, 应加强对增加室内环境中髙频视觉信息、调 节睡眠和生物节律以及饮食补充ω–3多不饱和脂肪酸等新的可控性环境和行为因素研究, 并积极转化为近视防控适宜 技术。