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      Domestic Violence in Methamphetamine Psychotic Users, Psychiatric Inpatients, and Healthy People: A Comparative Study

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          Abstract

          Background:

          Domestic violence is a serious threat to the physical and mental health of women. The aim of the present study was to find and compare the frequency of domestic violence between methamphetamine users, patients with psychiatric disorders, and healthy people.

          Methods:

          In this analytical cross-sectional study, methamphetamine users (n=30) and patients with psychiatric disorders (n=30) were women whose husbands were hospitalized during 2014 in Shafa Psychiatric Hospital in Guilan. Diagnosis was done with DSMIV-TR. Healthy people (n=60) were women whose husbands had no primary or drug induced psychiatric disorder or addiction. CTS-2 test was used to evaluate violence.

          Results:

          The frequency of psychological, physical and sexual violence in the groups suffering from psychiatric disease and methamphetamine users was higher than the healthy group (P=0.001). We observed a direct correlation between the mean of psychological and physical violence in the three groups (r=0.9, P=0.001), (r=0.7, P=0.0001) and (r=0.53, P=0.005), respectively. Direct correlation between the psychological and physical violence was only observed in the healthy group (r=0.8, P=0.007).

          Conclusion:

          The results showed that methamphetamine users such as psychiatric patients are at increased risk of violence. Domestic violence screening of these patients is necessary. It seems that this substance is a new source of increasing domestic violence with more undesirable outcomes in Iran.

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          Most cited references 40

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          The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2): Development and Preliminary Psychometric Data

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            Intimate partner violence and women's physical and mental health in the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence: an observational study.

            This article summarises findings from ten countries from the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence against women. Standardised population-based surveys were done between 2000 and 2003. Women aged 15-49 years were interviewed about their experiences of physically and sexually violent acts by a current or former intimate male partner, and about selected symptoms associated with physical and mental health. The women reporting physical violence by a partner were asked about injuries that resulted from this type of violence. 24,097 women completed interviews. Pooled analysis of all sites found significant associations between lifetime experiences of partner violence and self-reported poor health (odds ratio 1.6 [95% CI 1.5-1.8]), and with specific health problems in the previous 4 weeks: difficulty walking (1.6 [1.5-1.8]), difficulty with daily activities (1.6 [1.5-1.8]), pain (1.6 [1.5-1.7]), memory loss (1.8 [1.6-2.0]), dizziness (1.7 [1.6-1.8]), and vaginal discharge (1.8 [1.7-2.0]). For all settings combined, women who reported partner violence at least once in their life reported significantly more emotional distress, suicidal thoughts (2.9 [2.7-3.2]), and suicidal attempts (3.8 [3.3-4.5]), than non-abused women. These significant associations were maintained in almost all of the sites. Between 19% and 55% of women who had ever been physically abused by their partner were ever injured. In addition to being a breach of human rights, intimate partner violence is associated with serious public-health consequences that should be addressed in national and global health policies and programmes.
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              Physical and mental health effects of intimate partner violence for men and women

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Iran J Med Sci
                Iran J Med Sci
                Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
                Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences (Iran )
                0253-0716
                1735-3688
                November 2016
                : 41
                : 6
                : 486-493
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
                [2 ]Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
                [3 ]Psychiatrist, Ilam, Iran
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Reza Ahmadi, MD; Addiction and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Shafa Hospital, 15 Khordad Street, Mosalla Square, Rasht, Iran Tel\Fax: +98 131 6666268 r.ahmadi57@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                IJMS-41-486
                5106563
                Copyright: © Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Categories
                Original Article

                Medicine

                inpatients, methamphetamine, domestic violence, psychotic disorders

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