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      Climate Observing During Canada’s Empires, 1742–1871: People, Places and Motivations

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          Abstract

          A wealth of pre-Confederation weather and climate observations were recorded in Canada by individuals and institutions during both the French and British empires. This scientific heritage came about for a number of reasons. For instance, the Hudson’s Bay Company wanted to reduce operating costs by having their posts in Canada’s north-west become self-sufficient in agriculture. Others wished to save lives from cholera or shipwrecks, or to satisfy curiosity about the ever-present debate concerning anthropogenic climate change. Today, historical climate observations can be found in many diverse locations. Despite our rich scientific heritage, turning archival paper and ink observations into scientific data remains an enormous technical challenge. This challenge falls to our generation, both to use this heritage to investigate the historical context of current climate change and variability, and to use the digital resources in development today to safeguard our scientific heritage for future generations.

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          Most cited references 69

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          HISTALP—historical instrumental climatological surface time series of the Greater Alpine Region

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            Influence of volcanic eruptions on Northern Hemisphere summer temperature over the past 600 years

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              The International Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) Initiative

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ljcs
                ljcs
                London Journal of Canadian Studies
                UCL Press
                2397-0928
                0267-2200
                30 November 2020
                : 35
                : 1
                : 1-28
                Affiliations
                1McGill University, Canada
                2Independent consultant and researcher, Canada
                Author notes
                Article
                10.14324/111.444.ljcs.2020v35.002
                Copyright © 2020, Victoria Slonosky and Isabelle Mayer-Jouanjean

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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                References: 71, Pages: 29
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                London Journal of Canadian Studies
                Volume 35, Issue 1

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                Most referenced authors 611