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      WASTE AND CITY FORM: RECONSIDERING THE MEDIEVAL STRATEGY

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          Abstract

          This paper argues that “new” sustainable technologies being used to manage human waste—composting toilets, bioremediation, and biodigestion—are essentially reviving the medieval strategy of waste management: containment and reuse of waste, as opposed to the modern strategy of dilution and evacuation. This debate should not occur in a vacuum, uninformed by the motivations for, and history of, the development of the modern system. Therefore, this paper more closely examines the medieval system, which closely linked waste and agricultural production. It then considers the transformation to the modern system, using the design of Leonardo da Vinci’s city of Romorantin as a case study. It is argued that this transformation was largely predicated on now-delegitimized miasmic theory, which held foul or corrupt air to be the cause of disease, and that it precipitated larger changes in the urban environment. In light of this historical view it is suggested that contemporary sustainable technologies imply larger changes in the form of human settlement, and that the nature of these changes must be explored further.

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          Most cited references 13

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          The Paris Sewers and the Rationalization of Urban Space

           Matthew Gandy (1999)
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            Economic Development and Aquatic Ecosystems in Medieval Europe

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              Robert Angus Smith, F.R.S., and the ‘Sanitary Science.’

               A. Gibson,  W. Farrar (1974)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                College Publishing
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1552-6100
                1943-4618
                1943-4618
                Summer 2008
                : 3
                : 3
                : 67-78
                Author notes

                1Master of Architecture, University of Cincinnati. Contact: carlsterner@ 123456hotmail.com .

                Article
                jgb.3.3.67
                10.3992/jgb.3.3.67
                ©2008 by College Publishing. All rights reserved.

                Volumes 1-7 of JOGB are open access and do not require permission for use, though proper citation should be given. To view the licenses, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

                Page count
                Pages: 10
                Product
                Categories
                RESEARCH ARTICLES

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