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      The role of institutions of radiological health in the response system for nuclear or radiological emergencies

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          Abstract

          Medical rescue bases for nuclear or radiological emergencies are mostly composed of institutions that have obtained the qualification of radiological health technical service (Class A) or the qualification of radiation-induced disease diagnosis. Institutions of radiological health have accumulated the technical capabilities of radiation monitoring, contamination detection, dose estimation, and health effects evaluation in their daily work, which can play an important role in the response to nuclear or radiological emergencies and realize the “combination of non-emergency and emergency use” in capacity building. It is suggested that institutions of radiological health at all levels should continue to take advantage of their strengths, improve their capabilities through participating in radiation monitoring projects, and actively participate in the assessment of assay capabilities of institutions of radiological health, so as to provide personnel and technical reserves for the health response to nuclear or radiological emergencies.

          Abstract

          摘要: 分析和探讨放射卫生机构在核辐射卫生应急体系中发挥的作用。通过对比发现, 核辐射紧急医学救援基地多 由取得放射卫生技术服务(甲级)资质或放射性疾病诊断机构资质的单位承担建设任务。放射卫生机构在平时工作中 积累的辐射监测、污染检测、剂量估算、健康效应评价等技术能力可在核辐射卫生应急处置中发挥重要作用, 实现能 力建设的 “平急结合”。建议各级放射卫生机构继续发挥自身所长, 通过参加放射卫生监测项目的机会提高自身能力, 并积极参与放射卫生技术机构检测能力考核, 为核辐射卫生应急工作做好人才和技术储备。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJRH
          Chinese Journal of Radiological Health
          Chinese Preventive Medical Association (Ji’an, China )
          1004-714X
          01 June 2022
          01 December 2022
          : 31
          : 3
          : 323-327
          Affiliations
          [1] 1National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100088 China
          Author notes
          Corresponding author: FU Ximing, E-mail: fuximing@ 123456nirp.chinacdc.cn
          Article
          j.issn.1004-714X.2022.03.013
          10.13491/j.issn.1004-714X.2022.03.013
          5eea7de9-d5b8-406c-8aee-a252a71ecb82
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of Radiological Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Categories
          Journal Article

          Medicine,Image processing,Radiology & Imaging,Bioinformatics & Computational biology,Health & Social care,Public health
          Institutions of radiological health,Response capabilities,Combination of non-emergency and emergency use,Health response to nuclear or radiological emergencies

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