To investigate perioperative, oncologic, and functional outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in men of age ≥ 75 years in comparison with younger men.
From November 2011 to December 2018, six hundred and thirty patients with prostate cancer underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). A total of 614 patients were analyzed after excluding 16 patients who were treated with hormone therapy prior to RARP. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on their age (age ≥ 75 years: N = 46 patients and age < 75 years: N = 568 patients). Perioperative parameters regarding oncologic/functional outcomes and complication status were compared between the 2 groups. Clavien-Dindo classification was used to classify perioperative complications. Clinical and pathological status including stage, positive margin, continence, and potency status after RARP were analyzed.
Five-hundred sixty-eight and forty-six men were of age <75 and ≥ 75 years, respectively. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of oncologic outcomes (positive resection margin rate and PSA failure). The duration of hospitalization was longer in older patients but was not statistically significant (P = 0.051). A total number of Clavien ≥3 complications that occurred within a month after RARP were 15 (2.6%) and 2 (4.3%) in younger men (age < 75 years) and older men (age ≥ 75 years), respectively (P = 0.359).