Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Low Molecular Weight Heparin Reduces Proteinuria and Modulates Glomerular TNF-α Production in the Early Phase of Adriamycin Nephropathy

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background/Aim: Heparin has been shown to be renoprotective in a number of experimental nephropathies. The inflammatory component in the early phase of Adriamycin (ADR) induced nephropathy has been established. A microdose of low molecular weight heparin (Fragmin; F) has been noted to exert immunomodulatory effects independent of its anticoagulant activity. We assessed the effects of microdoses of F on daily proteinuria and glomerular production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and prostaglandins 8 and 15 days after induction of ADR nephropathy. Methods: Following intravenous injection of ADR (7 mg/kg) to Wistar rats weighing 200 ± 20 g, F 20 µg/day/rat s.c. was administered for 8 and 15 days (groups F8 and F15). The respective control groups (C8 and C15) received normal saline subcutaneously. Proteinuria, serum albumin, and creatinine clearance were evaluated on days 8 and 15. The production of TNF-α and prostaglandins from glomerular supernatants was measured by radioimmunoassay on days 8 and 15. Results: F significantly reduced proteinuria (mg/day) on day 8: 13.6 ± 1.2 in F8 versus 40.3 ± 2.7 in C8 (p = 0.008). The glomerular production of TNF-α (pi/ml) was significantly lower on day 8 in rats treated with F: 356 ± 33 in F8 versus 764 ± 81 in C8 (p = 0.006). A decrease in the prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub>/thromboxane B<sub>2</sub> ratio was noted in the F group between 8 and 15 days (1.1 in F8 vs. 0.9 in F15, p = 0.005) which principally reflects an increase of thromboxane B<sub>2</sub>. The antiproteinuric effect of F shown after 8 days was no longer present after 15 days (354 ± 91 mg/day in F15 vs. 499 ± 69 mg/day in C15, p = 0.33). The same trend was seen for the glomerular production of TNF-α. Light microscopy and immunohistochemistry for interstitial and glomerular macrophages were negative. Conclusion: The lowering effect of microdoses of F on the proteinuria seen during the early phase of ADR nephropathy may be mediated by a decreased production of glomerular TNF-α, supporting the anti-inflammatory action of low molecular weight heparin.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          2001
          2001
          16 February 2001
          : 87
          : 2
          : 155-160
          Affiliations
          Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
          Article
          45905 Nephron 2001;87:155–160
          10.1159/000045905
          11244311
          © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, Tables: 2, References: 30, Pages: 6
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45905
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article