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      Two Different Pathways of Glomerular Enlargement in Adults with Focal and Segmental Glomerulosclerosis: A Morphometric Study

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          Abstract

          The renal biopsy specimens obtained from 15 adults with focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and 15 adults with minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) were morphometrically analyzed using light and electron microscopy. Moreover, initial biopsy specimens obtained from 10 adults who were diagnosed as MCNS and developed FSGS, based on repeat biopsy findings (‘MCNS’-FSGS), were also analyzed using electron microscopy. After comparing the actual values between the groups of FSGS and MCNS, the mean glomerular volume, the capillary volume per a glomerulus, the capillary filtration surface per a glomerulus, and the capillary diameter (Cap-D) were all larger in the FSGS group than in the MCNS group. In regard to the morphological values in the ‘MCNS’-FSGS group, both values of the surface density of the capillary filtering surface and the capillary diameter at the first biopsy specimens as well as those in the FSGS group were higher than those in the MCNS group. When analyzing the structural parameters, in the FSGS series, we found a high association of the percentage of obsolescent glomeruli (%SG) with the mean glomerular volume, the capillary volume per a glomerulus, the capillary filtering surface per a glomerulus and the capillary length per a glomerulus, however we failed to demonstrate the correlation between the %SG and the Cap-D. Thus, the glomerular structure in the ‘MCNS’-FSGS patients, even at the first renal biopsy, resembled that in FSGS, suggesting FSGS to be a distinct entity from MCNS. These data indicate that the enlargement of the capillary volume, resulting from the widening of the capillaries, was the initial structural event for adults with FSGS, while the elongation of the capillaries appeared to reflect some compensatory process for the decrease in the functioning nephron.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1998
          February 1998
          16 January 1998
          : 18
          : 1
          : 21-27
          Affiliations
          a Department of Pathology (II) and b Kidney Center, School of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
          Article
          13300 Am J Nephrol 1998;18:21–27
          10.1159/000013300
          9481435
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 25, Pages: 7
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13300
          Categories
          Clinical Study

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