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      Use and Limitations of Immediate Postprocedural Intracoronary Doppler Blood Flow Measurements for Predicting Late Result after Coronary Balloon Angioplasty

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          Abstract

          Background and Aims: Physiologic measurement of myocardial perfusion in the immediate postangioplasty period may complement the angiographic assessment of the outcome of the procedure and improve our ability to identify patients at increased risk for a suboptimal late result. Immediate in-lab identification of patients at risk for late coronary restenosis would allow the interventionalist to implement alternate interventional and/or pharmacologic strategies aimed at improving the long-term outcome of angioplasty. The present single-center pilot study was undertaken to examine prospectively the value of intracoronary Doppler flow measurements immediately postangioplasty for predicting long-term patency of the dilated coronary artery. Patients and Methods: Coronary average peak flow velocity (APV) at rest and during hyperemia (6-18 µg intracoronary adenosine) and coronary flow reserve in the distal coronary segment were measured in 24 consecutive patients 10-15 min after successful elective coronary angioplasty. Volume flow (Q) was calculated as APV/2· coronary cross-sectional area •heart rate. Coronary arterial vessels and narrowings were measured by quantitative angiography using a geometric based method and automated edge detection. The present study reports the findings in the 16 patients undergoing conventional balloon angioplasty for whom hard endpoint angiographic data were available 4.9 ± 1.5 months after angioplasty. Results: A linear relation was present between angiographically measured minimal luminal dimension immediately postangioplasty and the late angiographic result of the procedure (r = 0.71, p = 0.0005). A greater acute gain during angioplasty was predictive of a larger luminal dimension at late angiographic follow-up (p = 0.006). There was no relation between the immediate postangioplasty Doppler flow measurements and the late angiographic result of the procedure. Late luminal dimension was not related to immediate postangioplasty basal or hyperemia APV, nor to immediate postangioplasty basal or hyperemic volume flow or to coronary flow reserve (all NS). Conclusions: In this single-center study, intracoronary blood flow and Doppler-derived coronary flow reserve immediately postpercutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty were not predictive of long-term vessel patency or late coronary restenosis. The immediate angiographic result of angioplasty did correlate with the late result of the procedure.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          19 November 2008
          : 88
          : 5
          : 433-440
          Affiliations
          Cardiology Section, West Los Angeles VA Medical Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, Calif., USA, and Bruce Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion-IIT, Haifa, Israel
          Article
          177373 Cardiology 1997;88:433–440
          10.1159/000177373
          9286505
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Catheterization and Interventional Cardiology

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