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      Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Clinical Practice

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          Abstract

          Cardiopulmonary exercise testing refers to the noninvasive measurement of respiratory gas exchange and air flow, together with heart rate, blood pressure, and the electrocardiogram. These data, obtained during an incremental exercise test, can be used to derive the aerobic capacity or Vo<sub>2max</sub>, which is an objective measure of the severity of chronic cardiac and circulatory failure, as well as to predict the maximum cardiac output response to exercise. The additional monitoring of minute ventilation and arterial oxygen saturation can be used to distinguish ventilatory from cardiac or circulatory causes of exertional dyspnea. Finally, this information serves as an objective measure of functional capacity which can be monitored over time to assess the natural history of disease as well as its response to medical therapy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1987
          1987
          11 November 2008
          : 74
          : 1
          : 62-70
          Affiliations
          Division of Cardiology, Michael Reese Hospital, University of Chicago, Ill., USA
          Article
          174177 Cardiology 1987;74:62–70
          10.1159/000174177
          3545474
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Exercise Testing and Rehabilitation

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