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      Prognostic Value of Ischemia Monitoring with On-Line Vectorcardiography in Patients with Unstable Coronary Artery Disease

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          Abstract

          Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether on-line vectorcardiography (VCG) gives independent prognostic information, regarding death, myocardial infarction (MI), and revascularization in patients with unstable coronary artery disease, i.e. unstable angina or non-Q-wave MI. Methods and Results: One hundred and fifty patients (mean age 69 ± 10), participating in a randomized study of low-molecular-weight heparin in unstable coronary artery disease, were studied with on-line VCG recordings for 24 h. During a 5–6-month follow-up, 11 patients died, 14 suffered a nonfatal MI and 31 were revascularized. Univariate predictors of death were diabetes mellitus (p < 0.01), maximum ST vector magnitude (ST-VM; p < 0.001), maximum ST change vector magnitude (STC-VM; p < 0.001), number of ST-VM (p < 0.01) and STC-VM episodes (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, the number of STC-VM episodes (p < 0.01) and diabetes mellitus (p < 0.02) each gave independent prognostic information regarding death. When all cardiovascular events were combined, the inhability to perform an exercise test (p < 0.05), maximum value of ST-VM (p < 0.01) and STC-VM (p < 0.001), the number of episodes of STC-VM (p < 0.001) and ST-VM (p < 0.001) all gave prognostic information. In multivariate analysis, the inability to perform an exercise test and the number of STC-VM episodes were independent predictors. Conclusion: VCG monitoring during the first 24 h of hospitalization for unstable coronary artery disease gives independent prognostic information.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Cardiac-specific troponin I levels to predict the risk of mortality in patients with acute coronary syndromes.

          In patients with acute coronary syndromes, it is desirable to identify a sensitive serum marker that is closely related to the degree of myocardial damage, provides prognostic information, and can be measured rapidly. We studied the prognostic value of cardiac troponin I levels in patients with unstable angina or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. In a multicenter study, blood specimens from 1404 symptomatic patients were analyzed for cardiac troponin I, a serum marker not detected in the blood of healthy persons. The relation between mortality at 42 days and the level of cardiac troponin I in the specimen obtained on enrollment was determined both before and after adjustment for baseline characteristics. The mortality rate at 42 days was significantly higher in the 573 patients with cardiac troponin I levels of at least 0.4 ng per milliliter (21 deaths, or 3.7 percent) than in the 831 patients with cardiac troponin I levels below 0.4 ng per milliliter (8 deaths, or 1.0 percent; P or = 65 years). In patients with acute coronary syndromes, cardiac troponin I levels provide useful prognostic information and permit the early identification of patients with an increased risk of death.
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            • Record: found
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            Low-molecular-weight heparin during instability in coronary artery disease

              (1996)
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              Long-term prognosis in unstable angina. The importance of early risk stratification using continuous ST segment monitoring

               D. Patel (1998)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2000
                August 2000
                14 August 2000
                : 93
                : 3
                : 183-190
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Medicine, Norrtälje Hospital, bDepartment of Cardiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, cDepartment of Cardiology, University Hospital Uppsala, and dDepartment of Medicin, Danderyd Hospital, Danderyd, Sweden
                Article
                7024 Cardiology 2000;93:183–190
                10.1159/000007024
                10965090
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 5, References: 34, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Coronary Care

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