Kisho Ikeda a , Tetsuro Kusaba a , * , Aya Tomita a , Noriko Watanabe-Uehara a , Tomoharu Ida a , Takashi Kitani a , Noriyuki Yamashita a , Masahiro Uehara a , Satoaki Matoba b , Tadaaki Yamada c , Keiichi Tamagaki a
14 August 2020
Backgrounds: The clinical features of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) differ among patients even if they have the same gene mutation in PKD1 or PKD2. This suggests that there is diversity in the expression of other modifier genes or in the underlying molecular mechanisms of ADPKD, but these are not well understood. Methods: We primarily cultured solute carrier family 12 member 3 (SLC12A3)-positive urine-derived distal tubular epithelial cells from 6 ADPKD patients and 4 healthy volunteers and established immortalized cell lines. The diversity in receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) phosphorylation by phospho-RTK array in immortalized tubular epithelial cells was analyzed. Results: We noted diversity in the activation of several molecules, including Met, a receptor of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Administration of golvatinib, a selective Met inhibitor, or transfection of small interfering RNA for Met suppressed cell proliferation and downstream signaling only in the cell lines in which hyperphosphorylation of Met was observed. In three-dimensional culture of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells as a cyst formation model of ADPKD, HGF activated Met, resulting in an increased total cyst number and total cyst volume. Administration of golvatinib inhibited these phenotypes in MDCK cells. Conclusion: Analysis of urine-derived tubular epithelial cells demonstrated diverse RTK phosphorylation in ADPKD, and Met phosphorylation was noted in some patients. Considering the difference in the effects of golvatinib on immortalized tubular epithelial cells among patients, this analysis may aid in selecting suitable drugs for individual ADPKD patients.