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      Comparison of the Effects of Quinapril and Losartan on Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness in Patients with Mild-to-Moderate Arterial Hypertension

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          Abstract

          Background: Ultrasonographic evidence of increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is known to be associated with generalized atherosclerosis. Therapeutic blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reportedly reduces carotid IMT in humans. However, there has been no head-to-head comparison of the effects of ACE inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), a newer type of RAS inhibitor, on carotid IMT. Methods: 57 hypertensive patients were randomly assigned to treatment with one of two antihypertensive drugs: ACE inhibitor (quinapril; n = 25, group Q) or ARB (losartan; n = 18, group L). Results: After 1 year of treatment, a similar decrease in mean blood pressure was observed in all groups. Carotid IMT was decreased significantly in group Q (10% decrease, p < 0.05) but did not change in group L. There were no significant changes in other atherosclerotic factors between these two groups. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the antiatherosclerotic effect of quinapril is more potent than that of losartan in hypertensive patients. This effect appears unrelated to the drug’s antihypertensive action or to traditional atherosclerotic factors.

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          Most cited references 16

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          Carotid artery intima-media thickness as an indicator of generalized atherosclerosis.

           M Bots,  D. Grobbee (1994)
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            Renin-angiotensin system and atherothrombotic disease: from genes to treatment.

            The renin-angiotensin system plays a central role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. At the molecular and cellular levels, angiotensin II, the main effector peptide of the system, stimulates key components of atherosclerosis. Trials in animals and humans indicate that blocking renin-angiotensin system pathways decreases atherosclerotic plaque progression and ischemic events. This review provides a broad overview of the entire role of the renin-angiotensin system in atherothrombotic disease, ranging from molecular pathways to human genetics to the latest clinical trials.
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              Comparative study of ACE-inhibition, angiotensin II antagonism, and calcium channel blockade on flow-mediated vasodilation in patients with coronary disease (BANFF study)

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                KBR
                Kidney Blood Press Res
                10.1159/issn.1420-4096
                Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
                S. Karger AG
                1420-4096
                1423-0143
                2005
                April 2005
                13 April 2005
                : 28
                : 2
                : 111-116
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Medicine II, Kansai Medical University, Osaka and bDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
                Article
                84254 Kidney Blood Press Res 2005;28:111–116
                10.1159/000084254
                15741734
                © 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 2, References: 33, Pages: 6
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/84254
                Categories
                Original Paper

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