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      Detection of Cell Death of Cultured Mouse Mesangial Cells Induced by Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein

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          Abstract

          The objectives of the present study using cultured mouse mesangial cells (MMC) were (1) to evaluate the type of cytotoxicity induced by oxidized (ox) LDL, i.e. apoptosis, necrosis and types of other cell death and (2) to investigate the pathway of cell death under incubation with antioxidants or scavenger receptor (SR) antagonists. LDH release and a morphological examination were used in this study. Trypan blue staining of MMC was performed to detect dead cells in culture. Cytotoxicity of ox-LDL in MMC was found to be dose- and time-dependent. In the morphological study of electron microscopy, three different types of cell death in ox-LDL-treated MMC were identified. In the morphological study with semithin sections, these three types of dead cells were identified at different dosages of ox-LDL. Type 1 or type 2 dead cells were observed in low dose ox-LDL or in middle-dose ox-LDL-treated MMC, respectively. Type 3 dead cells were marked in high dose ox-LDL-treated MMC. It appears that the cells were apoptotic (type 1), necrotic (type 3) and other types (type 2). The cytotoxicity of ox-LDL was not mediated by cellular internalization of ox-LDL via SRs. On the other hand, the cytotoxicity of ox-LDL was inhibited by antioxidants such as α-tocopherol, probucol, N-acetyl-cysteine or glutathione ethyl ester. It is indicated that the pathways of ox-LDL induced cell death were distinct from the pathway via SRs.

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          Most cited references 2

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          • Article: not found

          Oxidative stress as a mediator of apoptosis.

          Many agents which induce apoptosis are either oxidants or stimulators of cellular oxidative metabolism. Conversely, many inhibitors of apoptosis have antioxidant activities or enhance cellular antioxidant defenses. Mammalian cells exist in a state of oxidative siege in which survival requires an appropriate balance of oxidants and antioxidants. Thomas Buttke and Paul Sandstrom suggest that eukaryotic cells may benefit from this perilous existence by invoking oxidative stress as a common mediator of apoptosis.
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            Transcription Factors′ DNA-Binding Activity in Rat Thymocytes Undergoing Apoptosis after Heat-Shock or Dexamethasone Treatment

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              1999
              May 1999
              28 April 1999
              : 82
              : 1
              : 51-58
              Affiliations
              aDivision of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, and bFujigotemba Research Laboratories, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Shizuoka, Japan
              Article
              45367 Nephron 1999;82:51–58
              10.1159/000045367
              10224484
              © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 7, References: 23, Pages: 8
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45367
              Categories
              Original Paper

              Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

              Mesangial cells, cultured, Oxidized LDL, Necrosis, Apoptosis

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