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      Development and semantic validation of an instrument for the assessment of knowledge and attitudes towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation in adolescents* Translated title: Desarrollo y validación semántica de un instrumento para la evaluación en adolescentes de los conocimientos y actitudes hacia la Resucitación cardiopulmonar Translated title: Desenvolvimento e validação semântica de um instrumento para a avaliação em adolescentes dos conhecimentos e atitudes para a Ressuscitação cardiopulmonar

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          Abstract

          Objective.

          Develop and semantically validate an instrument to assess the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

          Methods.

          Validation study of an instrument to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents towards CPR, developed in three phases: (i) development of the evaluation instruments by the authors; (ii) content validation performed by 14 expert judges in the area using the content validity index for analysis; and (iii) semantic validation carried out with the participation of 30 adolescents between 11 and 13 years old.

          Results.

          In the content validation, the questions on CPR knowledge obtained a content validity index (CVI) between 0.92 and 1.00, with a general index of 0.98; and the questions about attitudes obtained an IVC between 0.85 and 1.00, with a general index also of 0.98. Regarding semantic validation, three questions were modified in the knowledge assessment instruments and five in the attitude assessment instrument.

          Conclusion.

          Semantic and content validation of the instruments studied showed that they are suitable for assessing the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents related to CPR, so their use is recommended in the evaluation of training actions in this population group.

          Resumen

          Objetivo.

          Desarrollar y validar semánticamente un instrumento para evaluar los conocimientos y las actitudes de adolescentes hacia la resucitación cardiopulmonar (RCP).

          Métodos.

          Estudio de validación de un instrumento para evaluar los conocimientos y las actitudes de adolescentes hacia la RCP que se desarrolló en tres fases: (i) desarrollo de los instrumentos de evaluación por parte de los autores; (ii) validación de contenido realizada por 14 jueces expertos en el área utilizando el índice de validez de contenido para el análisis; y (iii) validación semántica realizada con la participación de 30 adolescentes, entre los 11 y 13 años.

          Resultados.

          En la validación de contenido, las preguntas sobre conocimientos de RCP obtuvieron un índice de validez de contenido (IVC) entre 0.92 y 1.00, con índice general de 0.98; y las preguntas sobre actitudes obtuvieron un IVC entre 0.85 a 1.00, con un índice general también de 0.98. En cuanto a la validación semántica, se modificaron tres preguntas en los instrumentos de evaluación de conocimientos y cinco en el instrumento de evaluación de actitudes.

          Conclusión.

          La validación semántica y de contenido de los instrumentos estudiados mostraron que son adecuados para la valoración de conocimientos y actitudes de los adolescentes relacionados con la RCP, por lo que se recomienda su uso en la evaluación de acciones formativas en este grupo poblacional.

          Resumo

          Objetivo.

          Desenvolver e validar semanticamente um instrumento para avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes de adolescentes para a ressuscitação cardiopulmonar (RCP).

          Métodos.

          Estudo de validação de um instrumento para avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes de adolescentes para a RCP que se desenvolveu em três fases: (i) desenvolvimento dos instrumentos de avaliação por parte dos autores; (ii) validação de conteúdo realizada por 14 juízes especialistas na área utilizando o índice de validez de conteúdo para a análise; e (iii) validação semântica realizada com a participação de 30 adolescentes de entre 11 e 13 anos.

          Resultados.

          Na validação de conteúdo, as perguntas sobre conhecimentos de RCP obtiveram um índice de validez de conteúdo (IVC) entre 0.92 e 1.00, com índice geral de 0.98; e as perguntas sobre atitudes obtiveram um IVC entre 0.85 a 1.00, com um índice geral também de 0.98. Enquanto à validação semântica, se modificaram três perguntas nos instrumentos de avaliação de conhecimentos e cinco no instrumento de avaliação de atitudes.

          Conclusão.

          A validação semântica e de conteúdo dos instrumentos estudados mostraram que são adequados para a valoração de conhecimentos e atitudes dos adolescentes relacionados com a RCP, por isso se recomenda seu uso na avaliação de ações formativas neste grupo populacional.

          Related collections

          Most cited references28

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          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Europe - Results of the EuReCa TWO study

          The epidemiology and outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) varies across Europe. Following on from EuReCa ONE, the aim of this study was to further explore the incidence of and outcomes from OHCA in Europe and to improve understanding of the role of the bystander.
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            European Resuscitation Council COVID-19 Guidelines Executive Summary

            These coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) guidelines focus specifically on patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. For resuscitation of those who are low risk or confirmed negative for COVID-19, the reader is directed to the standard resuscitation guidelines for adults and children.1, 2, 3 Where uncertainty exists treatment should be informed by a dynamic risk assessment which may consider current COVID-19 prevalence, the patient's presentation (e.g. history of COVID-19 contact, COVID-19 symptoms), likelihood that treatment will be effective, availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) and personal risks for those providing treatment. These guidelines will be subject to evolving knowledge and experience of COVID-19. As countries are at different stages of the pandemic, there may some international variation in practice.
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              Objectifying content validity: Conducting a content validity study in social work research

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Invest Educ Enferm
                Invest Educ Enferm
                iee
                Investigacion y Educacion en Enfermeria
                Imprenta Universidad de Antioquia
                0120-5307
                2216-0280
                30 March 2022
                Jan-Apr 2022
                : 40
                : 1
                Affiliations
                [1 ] original Nurse, Doctor. Email: yurbina@untumbres.edu.pe. Nursing College, Universidad Nacional de Tumbes. Perú normalizedUniversidad Nacional de Tumbes orgdiv1Nursing College orgnameUniversidad Nacional de Tumbes Peru yurbina@ 123456untumbres.edu.pe
                [2 ] original Nurse, Doctor. Email: zeleiton@unitru.edu.pe Nursing College,Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Perú normalizedUniversidad Nacional de Trujillo orgdiv1Nursing College orgnameUniversidad Nacional de Trujillo Peru zeleiton@ 123456unitru.edu.pe
                [3 ] original Male Nurse, Doctor. Email: angel.lopez@uclm.es Nursing College, Albacete, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. España normalizedUniversidad de Castilla-La Mancha orgdiv1Nursing College orgnameUniversidad de Castilla-La Mancha Albacete, Spain angel.lopez@ 123456uclm.es
                [4 ] original Male Nurse, Doctor.Emaill: joseba.rabanales@uclm.es Nursing College, Albacete, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. España normalizedUniversidad de Castilla-La Mancha orgdiv1Nursing College orgnameUniversidad de Castilla-La Mancha Albacete, Spain joseba.rabanales@ 123456uclm.es
                [5 ] original Nurse, Mastering. Email: alice.regina.silva@alumni.usp.br Nursing College, Universidad de Sao Paulo. Brasil normalizedUniversidad de Castilla-La Mancha orgdiv1Nursing College orgnameUniversidad de Sao Paulo Spain alice.regina.silva@ 123456alumni.usp.br
                [6 ] original Male Nurse. Email: betofhon@usp.br Nursing College, Universidad de Sao Paulo. Brasil normalizedUniversidade de São Paulo orgdiv1Nursing College orgnameUniversidad de Sao Paulo Brazil betofhon@ 123456usp.br
                Author notes
                [* ]Autor de correspondencia: Yrene Esperanza Urbina-Rojas, yurbina@ 123456untumbres.edu.pe

                Conflicts of interest: None.

                Article
                10.17533/udea.iee.v40n1e15
                9052721
                35485628
                60f63101-e5b7-4df1-b1b2-237058da8dcd

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 4, Equations: 0, References: 24, Pages: 0
                Categories
                Original Article

                validation study,cardiopulmonary resuscitation,health knowledge, attitudes and practice,adolescent,nursing methodology research.,estudio de validación,reanimación cardiopulmonar,conocimiento, actitudes y prácticas en salud,adolescente,investigación metodológica en enfermería.,estudo de validação,reanimação cardiopulmonar,conhecimentos, atitudes e prática em saúde,adolecente,pesquisa metodológica em enfermagem.

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