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      Measurement and modeling of a complete optical absorption and scattering by coherent surface plasmon-polariton excitation using a silver thin-film grating.

      Physical review letters

      American Physical Society (APS)

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          Abstract

          We demonstrate the plasmonic analogue of a coherent photonic effect known as coherent perfect absorption. A periodically nanopatterned metal film perfectly absorbs multiple coherent light beams coupling to a single surface plasmon mode. The perfect absorbing state can be switched to a nearly perfect scattering state by tuning the phase difference between the incident beams. We theoretically explain the plasmonic coherent perfect absorption by considering time-reversal symmetry of surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. We experimentally demonstrate coherent control of the plasmonic absorption in good agreement with a coupled-mode theory of dissipative resonances. Associated potential applications include absorption-based plasmonic switches, modulators, and light-electricity transducers.

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          Most cited references 18

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          Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots.

          Control over the interaction between single photons and individual optical emitters is an outstanding problem in quantum science and engineering. It is of interest for ultimate control over light quanta, as well as for potential applications such as efficient photon collection, single-photon switching and transistors, and long-range optical coupling of quantum bits. Recently, substantial advances have been made towards these goals, based on modifying photon fields around an emitter using high-finesse optical cavities. Here we demonstrate a cavity-free, broadband approach for engineering photon-emitter interactions via subwavelength confinement of optical fields near metallic nanostructures. When a single CdSe quantum dot is optically excited in close proximity to a silver nanowire, emission from the quantum dot couples directly to guided surface plasmons in the nanowire, causing the wire's ends to light up. Non-classical photon correlations between the emission from the quantum dot and the ends of the nanowire demonstrate that the latter stems from the generation of single, quantized plasmons. Results from a large number of devices show that efficient coupling is accompanied by more than 2.5-fold enhancement of the quantum dot spontaneous emission, in good agreement with theoretical predictions.
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            Surface Plasmon Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation: Quantum Generation of Coherent Surface Plasmons in Nanosystems

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              Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides.

               Mark Stockman (2004)
              We predict theoretically that surface plasmon polaritons propagating toward the tip of a tapered plasmonic waveguide are slowed down and asymptotically stopped when they tend to the tip, never actually reaching it (the travel time to the tip is logarithmically divergent). This phenomenon causes accumulation of energy and giant local fields at the tip. There are various prospective applications in nano-optics and nanotechnology.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                23368498
                10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.257402

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