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      Dissociation by Pelota, Hbs1 and ABCE1 of mammalian vacant 80S ribosomes and stalled elongation complexes.

      The EMBO Journal
      ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters, metabolism, Animals, Electrophoresis, Escherichia coli, Genetic Vectors, genetics, Humans, In Vitro Techniques, Microfilament Proteins, Peptide Termination Factors, RNA Stability, physiology, RNA, Messenger, RNA, Transfer, Amino Acyl, Rabbits, Recombinant Proteins, Ribosomes

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          Abstract

          No-go decay (NGD) and non-stop decay (NSD) are eukaryotic surveillance mechanisms that target mRNAs on which elongation complexes (ECs) are stalled by, for example, stable secondary structures (NGD) or due to the absence of a stop codon (NSD). Two interacting proteins Dom34(yeast)/Pelota(mammals) and Hbs1, which are paralogues of eRF1 and eRF3, are implicated in these processes. Dom34/Hbs1 were shown to promote dissociation of stalled ECs and release of intact peptidyl-tRNA. Using an in vitro reconstitution approach, we investigated the activities of mammalian Pelota/Hbs1 and report that Pelota/Hbs1 also induced dissociation of ECs and release of peptidyl-tRNA, but only in the presence of ABCE1. Whereas Pelota and ABCE1 were essential, Hbs1 had a stimulatory effect. Importantly, ABCE1/Pelota/Hbs1 dissociated ECs containing only a limited number of mRNA nucleotides downstream of the P-site, which suggests that ABCE1/Pelota/Hbs1 would disassemble NSD complexes stalled at the 3'-end, but not pre-cleavage NGD complexes stalled in the middle of mRNA. ABCE1/Pelota/Hbs1 also dissociated vacant 80S ribosomes, which stimulated 48S complex formation, suggesting that Pelota/Hbs1 have an additional role outside of NGD.

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