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      Structure of potamoplankton along a gradient of preservation of riparian vegetation in subtropical streams

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          Abstract

          Water quality in lotic and lentic systems is greatly influenced by the land use in the adjacent areas. This study was conducted in order to assess whether different degrees of preservation of riparian forest (from well preserved with 30m wide up to degraded with < 5 m wide) influence potamoplankton community structure. The study was conducted in three streams in the upper region of the Rio dos Sinos basin, at four sampling sites, with different width of the forest. Samplings were gathered for abiotic and biological analysis in winter (August 2010) and summer (January/February 2011). The analysis of environmental and biotic variables indicated that seasonality was the main determinant of biomass patterns, regardless of the width of riparian vegetation. The potamoplankton community of the studied streams responded to environmental conditions, although lack of significant difference among the different degrees of riparian vegetation preservation has been observed. Increasing trends on biomass, richness and diversity of species, and higher concentrations of total phosphorus and nitrogen in the non-preserved areas might indicate that the different gradients of preservation of riparian vegetation are related with the water quality in subtropical streams and consequently with the potamoplankton structure.

          Translated abstract

          A qualidade das águas em sistemas lóticos ou lênticos sofre grande influência das atividades que são realizadas em suas margens. O presente estudo foi desenvolvido com vistas a avaliar se áreas com diferentes graus de preservação da mata ripária (de muito preservada, com 30m de largura, à degradada, com menos de 5m de largura) influenciam na estrutura da comunidade potamoplanctônica. O estudo foi desenvolvido em três arroios do trecho superior da Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio dos Sinos, em quatro áreas sob a influência de diferentes larguras da mata ciliar. Amostras foram coletadas para análises bióticas e abióticas no inverno (agosto/2010) e verão (janeiro/fevereiro/2011). As análises das variáveis ambientais e bióticas indicaram que a sazonalidade é a principal determinante dos padrões de biomassa, independente da largura da vegetação riparia. A comunidade potamoplanctônica estudada respondeu às condições ambientais, embora não tenham sido observadas diferenças significativas entre as áreas com diferentes graus de preservação de vegetação riparia. Tendências ao aumento da biomassa, riqueza e diversidade de espécies, e maiores concentrações de fósforo e nitrogênio total nas áreas não preservadas podem indicar que os diferentes gradientes de preservação da mata ciliar estão relacionados com a qualidade da água em arroios subtropicais e, portanto, com a estrutura do potamoplâncton.

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          Most cited references 74

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          Towards a functional classification of the freshwater phytoplankton

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            Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater

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              Landscape influences on water chemistry in Midwestern stream ecosystems

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                aabc
                Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
                An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc.
                Academia Brasileira de Ciências (Rio de Janeiro )
                1678-2690
                June 2014
                : 86
                : 2
                : 841-853
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos Brazil
                [2 ] Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
                [3 ] Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
                Article
                S0001-37652014000200841
                10.1590/0001-3765201420130318
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

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