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      Segmental Differences in Geometric, Elastic and Contractile Characteristics of Small Intramural Coronary Arteries of the Rat

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          Abstract

          The depedence of elastic and contractile properties on the caliber of small intramural coronary arteries was investigated in the rat in vitro. Different segments of the left anterior descending coronary artery branching system were prepared for microarteriography. The segments were cannulated at both ends, immersed in oxygenated normal Krebs Ringer (nKR) solution. Intraluminal pressure was changed at a rate of about 0.5 mm Hg/s between 0 and 150 mm Hg in repeated cycles. The outer diameter was continuously measured with microangiometry. Pressure-diameter curves were recorded after preconditioning pressure cycles in nKR, with PGF<sub>2α</sub> in the bath (7.5 × 10<sup>–6</sup>  M), and in maximal relaxation with papaverine (2.8 × 10<sup>–4</sup>  M). Biomechanical parameters were computed for vessels grouped according to their calibers (inner diameters: 50–150, 150–250, 250–350, >350 µm). Distensibility and contractility decreased with increasing caliber of the vessels, while the elastic modulus increased. Spontaneous tone was (at 100 mm Hg in mechanically preconditioned vessels) 18.8 ± 4.5, 8.4 ± 4.4, 9.7 ± 3.7 and 8.3 ± 3.8% in the four groups, respectively. PGF<sub>2α</sub> contraction was maximal around the 300-µm caliber. Our study is the first direct demonstration that intramural small coronary arteries exhibit characteristic variability in their elastic and contractile properties as a function of their caliber. Such differences may be important in segmentally specific control processes of the coronary microcirculation.

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          5-Hydroxytryptamine does not release endothelium-derived relaxing factor in rat isolated coronary arteries

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            JVR
            J Vasc Res
            10.1159/issn.1018-1172
            Journal of Vascular Research
            S. Karger AG
            1018-1172
            1423-0135
            1998
            October 1998
            28 October 1998
            : 35
            : 5
            : 332-344
            Affiliations
            a Experimental Research Department, Second Institute of Physiology, and b Second Department of Pathology, Semmelweis University of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary
            Article
            25603 J Vasc Res 1998;35:332–344
            10.1159/000025603
            9789114
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 11, References: 46, Pages: 13
            Categories
            Research Paper

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