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      Flueggea acicularis (Phyllanthaceae), a narrow endemic species rediscovered in central China

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          Abstract

          Flueggea acicularis ( Phyllanthaceae ) is endemic to the karst region of central China. Male specimens of this species were first collected in 1908. In 1989, female plants of F. acicularis were found for the first time, but misidentified as a new species. Throughout this period the male plants of F. acicularis were mismatched with female plants of other species, and male plants had not been collected since 1908. Then, in March, 2009, the authors rediscovered a wild population of F. acicularis consisting of both male and female plants in Wuxi county, Chongqing municipality, China. Based on field investigation and examination of specimens, we matched the correct female and male plants of this species for the first time since its initial publication a century ago. A complete and accurate morphological description, distribution, habitat and phenology of this species are also provided. Furthermore, the conservation status of F. acicularis is assessed as “Near Threatened” (NT) according to the IUCN Red List criteria.

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          Evolution of obligate pollination mutualism in the tribe Phyllantheae (Phyllanthaceae)

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            Taxonomy and biology of two seed-parasitic gracillariid moths (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), with description of a new species

            Abstract A new species and new record of gracillariid moths from China are reported: Conopomorpha flueggella Li, sp. n. and Epicephala relictella Kuznetzov, 1979. Specimens were collected on flowers or leaves of Flueggea suffruticosa (Pall.) Baill. (Euphorbiaceae) at night, and reared from fruits in captivity. Larvae of both species feed on the seeds of Flueggea suffruticosa, but they can be differentiated externally by the position of the red pattern on the thorax and abdomen. Morphology of the eggs, larvae, pupae and the life history of the two species are described and compared. Images of the life history and figures of the genital structures are provided.
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              Plant identification terminology: an illustrated glossary.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                PhytoKeys
                PhytoKeys
                3
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F7FCE910-8E78-573F-9C77-7788555F8AAD
                PhytoKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2011
                1314-2003
                2021
                10 February 2021
                : 172
                : 57-66
                Affiliations
                [1 ] School of Life Science, Nantong University, 226019, Nantong, China Nantong University Nantong China
                [2 ] Zhuxi Qiliang Biological Institute, Zhuxi 442300, Hubei, China Zhuxi Qiliang Biological Institute Zhuxi China
                [3 ] State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100093, Beijing, China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing China
                [4 ] Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Wuhan 430074, China Wuhan Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science Wuhan China
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Zhenyu Li ( lizy@ 123456ibcas.ac.cn )

                Academic editor: D. Geltman

                Article
                57217
                10.3897/phytokeys.172.57217
                7889569
                Songzhi Xu, Qiliang Gan, Lianzhong Fu, Mingxi Jiang, Zhenyu Li

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                Nantong Science and Technology Project (JC2018070) National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31370227)
                Categories
                Research Article
                Euphorbiaceae
                Taxonomy
                Neogene
                China

                Plant science & Botany

                taxonomy, three gorges area, rediscovery, flueggea acicularis, morphology

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