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      Calidad de vida familiar y bienestar subjetivo en jóvenes con discapacidad intelectual de un establecimiento con educación especial y laboral de la Ciudad de Talca* Translated title: Quality of family life and subjective well-being in young people with intellectual disability in school with special education of the Talca City

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          Abstract

          El estudio que se presenta tuvo como objetivo identificar la relación entre la Calidad de Vida Familiar, Funcionamiento Familiar y Bienestar Subjetivo junto con los factores de la calidad de vida familiar en relación al bienestar subjetivo en jóvenes con discapacidad intelectual, alumnos de un establecimiento de educación especial y laboral de la ciudad de Talca (Chile). La muestra fue dividida en dos grupos: uno de ellos estuvo integrado por 53 alumnos de 16 a 24 años de edad, del citado establecimiento que fueron diagnosticados con discapacidad intelectual: el 52.8% de ellos manifiesta discapacidad intelectual como único predictor de su condición, mientras que el 47.2% restante corresponde a comorbilidad de ésta con otros tipos de discapacidad asociados. Los niveles de discapacidad van desde el leve (37.7%), seguido por el moderado (50.9%) y finalmente el severo y el profundo (3.8%). El otro grupo estuvo conformado por 53 apoderados, padres o tutores del mismo establecimiento educacional. Con la finalidad de medir las variables de estudio se administraron cuatro instrumentos: (1) la Escala de Calidad de Vida Familiar (Verdugo, Sainz & Rodríguez, 2009), (2) la versión traducida al español (Bellon, Delgado, Luna del Castillo & Lardelli, 1996) del Family Functioning Questionnaire (Smilkstein, Ashworth & Montano, 1982), (3) la adaptación y validación de Moyano y Ramos Alvarado (2007) de la Satisfaction with the Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larden & Griffin) y (4) la versión chilena de Moyano-Díaz & Ramos (2007) de la Subjective Happiness Scale (Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999). Para realizar el estudio se utilizó una metodología descriptiva y correlacional de corte transversal a fin de establecer relaciones de concomitancia entre las variables. Los resultados principales demostraron una relación significativa entre importancia de la calidad de vida familiar y satisfacción de la calidad de vida familiar (r = .402; p < .01); entre felicidad subjetiva y satisfacción vital (r = .457; p< .01) y entre felicidad subjetiva y funcionamiento familiar (r = .388; p < .05). Los siguientes factores de la calidad de vida familiar percibidos por los padres: interacción familiar, rol parental, bienestar físico y material, bienestar emocional y apoyo a las personas con discapacidad no mantuvieron relación con la felicidad subjetiva y satisfacción vital percibidas por los jóvenes con discapacidad intelectual.

          Translated abstract

          The present study aimed to identify the relationship between the quality of Family Life, Family Functioning and Subjective Well-being, along with the factors of Quality of Family Life in relation to subjective well-being in young people with intellectual disabilities from a special education setting and work in the city of Talca (Chile). The sample consisted of 53 young people aged 16 to 24 years and 53 representatives, parents or guardians. All youth in the sample have been diagnosed with intellectual disabilities, of which 52.8% intellectual disability manifested sole predictor of their condition, while the remaining 47.2% corresponds to this co morbidity with other types of disability associated. The levels of this condition are ranging from mild reaching 37.7%, followed by moderate 50.9%, and finally severe and deep with 3.8%. In order to measure the study variables they were administered four instruments: (1) Scale of Quality of Family Life (Verdugo, Sainz & Rodriguez, 2009), (2) Family Functioning Questionnaire (Smilkstein, Ashworth, & Montano, 1982), (3) The Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larder & Griffin, 1984), and (4) Subjective Happiness Scale (Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999). Considering previous studies, we formulated the following hypotheses: (1) At higher levels of life satisfaction, higher levels of subjective happiness in young people with intellectual disabilities, (2) there is a significant positive relationship between Family Functioning and Happiness Levels Subjective life satisfaction in young people with intellectual disabilities and (3) there are significant positive relationships between the factors of quality of family life and the components of subjective well-being in young people with intellectual disabilities. For the study used a descriptive methodology and cross-sectional correlation seeking to establish concomitant relationships between variables. In relation to the variable quality of family life on two levels, importance and satisfaction, there is evidence that parents in the sample assigned more importance to the quality of family life to the satisfaction of it, because the parents at 49,1% assign more importance to the quality of family life in relation to 24.5% assigned to the satisfaction of the quality of family life. The women assigned greater importance to the quality of family life and satisfaction of this compared to men. With regard to family functioning, youths with intellectual disabilities normofunctionals consider the interactions of their respective families; those who have a moderate level of intellectual disability are those that show greater family functioning. Women perceive greater family functioning compared to men in the sample. With regard to subjective well-being into its two components, subjective happiness and life satisfaction, it appears that youths with intellectual disabilities remain a median subjective happiness and life satisfaction, feeling more satisfied than happy. It is observed that those with a moderate level of intellectual disability have a higher perception of subjective happiness and life satisfaction. The main results show a significant relationship between the importance of the quality of family life satisfaction and the quality of family life (r = .402; p < .01), between subjective happiness and life satisfaction (r = .457: p < .01) and between subjective happiness and family functioning (r = .388; p < .05). The factors of perceived quality of family life for parents: family interaction, parental role, physical and material, emotional and support for people with disabilities do not maintain a relationship with subjective happiness and life satisfaction perceived by young people with intellectual disabilities.

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          Most cited references 59

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          Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index.

           Ed Diener (2000)
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            Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index.

             E. Diener (1999)
            One area of positive psychology analyzes subjective well-being (SWB), people's cognitive and affective evaluations of their lives. Progress has been made in understanding the components of SWB, the importance of adaptation and goals to feelings of well-being, the temperament underpinnings of SWB, and the cultural influences on well-being. Representative selection of respondents, naturalistic experience sampling measures, and other methodological refinements are now used to study SWB and could be used to produce national indicators of happiness.
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              Validity and reliability of the family APGAR as a test of family function.

              This paper offers evidence to support the use of the Family APGAR as a reliable, validated, utilitarian instrument to measure a subject's satisfaction with five components of family function. Mean total Family APGAR scores for several population groups are reported along with associated validity and reliability studies. A study from Taiwan supports the use of the Family APGAR in student populations 10 years of age and older. Studies are now under way to examine the use of the Family APGAR to correlate family function satisfaction with utilization of medical facilities, somatization, compliance, and the outcome of health problems.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                interd
                Interdisciplinaria
                Interdisciplinaria
                Centro Interamericano de Investigaciones Psicológicas y Ciencias Afines (CIIPCA) (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, , Argentina )
                1668-7027
                December 2012
                : 29
                : 2
                : 271-286
                Affiliations
                orgnameUniversidad de Talca orgdiv1Facultad de Psicología orgdiv2Programa de Investigación Calidad de vida y ambientes saludables
                orgnameUniversidad de Talca orgdiv1Facultad de Psicología
                Article
                S1668-70272012000200001

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 48, Pages: 16
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