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      Democracy and electoral reforms in Mexico Translated title: Democracia y reformas electorales en México

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          Abstract

          Abstract: In Mexico, the electoral arena has experienced substantial transformations throughout the last decades. It has changed from an overwhelming stage of domination by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) to a competitive struggle between diverse political parties, where pre-electoral coalitions (PECS) and political alternation are a recurrent phenomenon. This paper seeks to explain the switch from an hegemonic party system (with authoritarian characteristics) to a democratic multi-party system, by stating that the Mexican Public Administration´s modernization, but especially the electoral reforms, have favored a phased configuration of a larger (and more competitive) number of parties and neutral electoral institutions. The argument is built upon the analysis of several documentary research, based on the 1977, 1986, 1990, 1996, and 2014 electoral reforms, federal and local electoral results, concluding with the Mexican political system´s development implications.

          Translated abstract

          Resumen: En México, la arena electoral ha experimentado sustantivas transformaciones durante las últimas décadas. Ha transitado de una abrumadora etapa de dominación por parte del Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) a una competitiva lucha entre diversos partidos políticos, donde las alianzas electorales y la alternancia son un fenómeno recurrente. Este artículo busca explicar el cambio de sistema de partido hegemónico (con características autoritarias) a uno democrático multipartidista, estableciendo que la Modernización de la Administración Pública Mexicana, pero sobre todo, las reformas electorales, han favorecido la configuración de más y (mayormente competitivos) partidos políticos e instituciones electorales de carácter neutral. El argumento es construido con base en el análisis documental de las reformas electorales de 1977, 1986, 1990, 1996, y 2014, así como de los resultados electorales (locales y federales), concluyendo con las implicaciones del desarrollo del sistema político mexicano.

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          Most cited references29

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          The Perils of Presidentialism

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            An Approach to the Analysis of Political Systems

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              Las relaciones entre los poderes del ejecutivo y legislativo tras el fin del presidencialismo en México

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                dgedj
                Derecho global. Estudios sobre derecho y justicia
                Derecho glob. Estud. sobre derecho justicia
                Universidad de Guadalajara, División de Estudios Jurídicos (Guadalajar, Jalisco, Mexico )
                2448-5128
                2448-5136
                2019
                : 4
                : 11
                : 143-162
                Affiliations
                [1] orgnameBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla Mexico ignacio.torres@ 123456correo.buap.mx
                Article
                S2448-51362019000100106 S2448-5136(19)00401100106
                10.32870/dgedj.v0i11.186
                61701d20-d5d6-47ac-90f4-715a39d6e1c3

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 20
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                Research articles

                pre-electoral coalitions,political system,electoral reforms,reformas electorales,presidentialism,alianzas electorales,democracy,sistema político,presidencialismo,democracia

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