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      Treatment of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in Hemodialyzed Patients with High-Dose Calcium Carbonate without Vitamin D 3 Supplements

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          Abstract

          Background: Vitamin D compounds are usually indicated for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients. The possibility to induce a reversal of hyperparathyroidism with calcium supplementation alone is controversial. The present study was conducted to assess if oral calcium carbonate may constitute a therapeutic option for the control of hyperparathyroidism in patients with high PTH concentrations at the beginning of the treatment with chronic hemodialysis. Methods: Thirty-one patients with end-stage renal failure with an intact PTH concentration above 250 pg/ml at the beginning of chronic hemodialysis therapy were treated with high doses of calcium carbonate; no patient received either aluminium-containing binders or vitamin D compounds. To minimize hypercalcemia, a calcium dialysate concentration of 2.5 mEq/l was used in all patients. The goal of the study was to reduce the intact PTH concentration to 250 pg/ml with oral calcium carbonate supplements alone. Results: Throughout the first year on hemodialysis treatment, the intact PTH concentration decreased from 538 ± 256 to 251 ± 218 pg/ml (p < 0.001). By the end of the study, the therapeutic objective was achieved in 22 patients (71%) (‘responder’ group). The remaining 9 patients were classified as the ‘treatment failure’ group. The basal intact PTH concentration was not different between both groups (508 ± 235 vs. 612 ± 303 pg/ml, respectively, p = n.s.), but 5 ‘treatment failure’ patients admitted to take a dose of calcium carbonate lower than that prescribed. There were 40 episodes of hyperphosphatemia (11% of all measurements) in 7 of 31 patients, 5 of them belonged to the noncompliance ‘treatment failure’ patients. Only 15 episodes (4% of all measurements) of transient hypercalcemia (range 11.1 – 11.9 mg/dl) were detected in 8 patients. Conclusions: Secondary hyperparathyroidism in hemodialysis patients can often be reverted by oral calcium carbonate alone. But a good adherence to treatment is absolutely necessary.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1999
          June 1999
          18 June 1999
          : 19
          : 3
          : 428-432
          Affiliations
          Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
          Article
          13490 Am J Nephrol 1999;19:428–432
          10.1159/000013490
          10393383
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 1, References: 25, Pages: 5
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13490
          Categories
          Clinical Study

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