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      The performance of Islamic banks during the 2008 global financial crisis : Evidence from the Gulf Cooperation Council countries

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      Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research

      Emerald

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          Abstract

          Purpose

          The purpose of this study is to analyze the profitability performance of Islamic banks (IBs) of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region during 2008 global financial crisis.

          Design/methodology/approach

          Bank-specific data are taken from the Bank Scope database and macroeconomic data are collected from International Financial Statistics. Using a panel data series of 30 banks for the period of 2005 to 2011, the study shows the evidence of structural break for the crisis year as well as the factors that impact the profitability of IBs.

          Findings

          The performance of GCC IBs was significantly influenced during the crisis period by capital adequacy, credit risk, financial risk, operational efficiency, liquidity, bank size, gross domestic product, growth rate of money supply, bank sector development and inflation rate. The study also finds that there is a structural change before and after the global financial crisis.

          Originality/value

          This is an original study that shows that the Sharīʿah-compliant banks have performed better during the crisis and are not affected based on their internal performance records; rather, they have been affected indirectly from the macro shock owing to the overall economic crisis.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 15

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          Bank-specific, industry-specific and macroeconomic determinants of bank profitability

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            Determinants of bank profitability before and during the crisis: Evidence from Switzerland

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              Loan growth and riskiness of banks

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research
                JIABR
                Emerald
                1759-0817
                May 07 2019
                May 07 2019
                : 10
                : 3
                : 407-420
                Article
                10.1108/JIABR-01-2017-0011
                © 2019

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