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      Integrated Analysis of the Roles of RNA Binding Proteins and Their Prognostic Value in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

      research-article
      1 , 2 , 1 , 1 ,
      Journal of Healthcare Engineering
      Hindawi

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          Abstract

          Methods

          We downloaded the RNA sequencing data of ccRCC from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and identified differently expressed RBPs in different tissues. In this study, we used bioinformatics to analyze the expression and prognostic value of RBPs; then, we performed functional analysis and constructed a protein interaction network for them. We also screened out some RBPs related to the prognosis of ccRCC. Finally, based on the identified RBPs, we constructed a prognostic model that can predict patients' risk of illness and survival time. Also, the data in the HPA database were used for verification.

          Results

          In our experiment, we obtained 539 ccRCC samples and 72 normal controls. In the subsequent analysis, 87 upregulated RBPs and 38 downregulated RBPs were obtained. In addition, 9 genes related to the prognosis of patients were selected, namely, RPL36A, THOC6, RNASE2, NOVA2, TLR3, PPARGC1A, DARS, LARS2, and U2AF1L4. We further constructed a prognostic model based on these genes and plotted the ROC curve. This ROC curve performed well in judgement and evaluation. A nomogram that can judge the patient's life span is also made.

          Conclusion

          In conclusion, we have identified differentially expressed RBPs in ccRCC and carried out a series of in-depth research studies, the results of which may provide ideas for the diagnosis of ccRCC and the research of new targeted drugs.

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          Most cited references93

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          Global Cancer Statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN Estimates of Incidence and Mortality Worldwide for 36 Cancers in 185 Countries

          This article provides a status report on the global burden of cancer worldwide using the GLOBOCAN 2018 estimates of cancer incidence and mortality produced by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, with a focus on geographic variability across 20 world regions. There will be an estimated 18.1 million new cancer cases (17.0 million excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) and 9.6 million cancer deaths (9.5 million excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) in 2018. In both sexes combined, lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer (11.6% of the total cases) and the leading cause of cancer death (18.4% of the total cancer deaths), closely followed by female breast cancer (11.6%), prostate cancer (7.1%), and colorectal cancer (6.1%) for incidence and colorectal cancer (9.2%), stomach cancer (8.2%), and liver cancer (8.2%) for mortality. Lung cancer is the most frequent cancer and the leading cause of cancer death among males, followed by prostate and colorectal cancer (for incidence) and liver and stomach cancer (for mortality). Among females, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death, followed by colorectal and lung cancer (for incidence), and vice versa (for mortality); cervical cancer ranks fourth for both incidence and mortality. The most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death, however, substantially vary across countries and within each country depending on the degree of economic development and associated social and life style factors. It is noteworthy that high-quality cancer registry data, the basis for planning and implementing evidence-based cancer control programs, are not available in most low- and middle-income countries. The Global Initiative for Cancer Registry Development is an international partnership that supports better estimation, as well as the collection and use of local data, to prioritize and evaluate national cancer control efforts. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 2018;0:1-31. © 2018 American Cancer Society.
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            The 2016 WHO Classification of Tumours of the Urinary System and Male Genital Organs-Part A: Renal, Penile, and Testicular Tumours.

            The fourth edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of urogenital tumours (WHO "blue book"), published in 2016, contains significant revisions. These revisions were performed after consideration by a large international group of pathologists with special expertise in this area. A subgroup of these persons met at the WHO Consensus Conference in Zurich, Switzerland, in 2015 to finalize the revisions. This review summarizes the most significant differences between the newly published classification and the prior version for renal, penile, and testicular tumours. Newly recognized epithelial renal tumours are hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) syndrome-associated RCC, succinate dehydrogenase-deficient RCC, tubulocystic RCC, acquired cystic disease-associated RCC, and clear cell papillary RCC. The WHO/International Society of Urological Pathology renal tumour grading system was recommended, and the definition of renal papillary adenoma was modified. The new WHO classification of penile squamous cell carcinomas is based on the presence of human papillomavirus and defines histologic subtypes accordingly. Germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS) of the testis is the WHO-recommended term for precursor lesions of invasive germ cell tumours, and testicular germ cell tumours are now separated into two fundamentally different groups: those derived from GCNIS and those unrelated to GCNIS. Spermatocytic seminoma has been designated as a spermatocytic tumour and placed within the group of non-GCNIS-related tumours in the 2016 WHO classification.
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              European Association of Urology Guidelines on Renal Cell Carcinoma: The 2019 Update

              The European Association of Urology Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) Guideline Panel has prepared evidence-based guidelines and recommendations for the management of RCC.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                J Healthc Eng
                J Healthc Eng
                JHE
                Journal of Healthcare Engineering
                Hindawi
                2040-2295
                2040-2309
                2021
                30 June 2021
                : 2021
                : 5568411
                Affiliations
                1Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001, China
                2Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, China
                Author notes

                Academic Editor: Yang Gao

                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3873-040X
                Article
                10.1155/2021/5568411
                8263288
                34306592
                61aabfc1-9ef8-4c9d-adb5-00494bb58d0e
                Copyright © 2021 Bowen Wang et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 3 February 2021
                : 2 April 2021
                : 9 June 2021
                Funding
                Funded by: National Natural Science Foundation of China
                Award ID: 82002680
                Categories
                Research Article

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