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      Relationship between Left Atrial Function and Plasma Level of Atrial Natriuretic Peptide in Patients with Heart Disease

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          Abstract

          To investigate the relationship between left atrial function and secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), we analyzed left ventricular inflow and pulmonary venous flow, left atrial dynamics, intracardiac pressures, and plasma ANP level in 92 patients with various cardiac diseases. From the apical four-chamber view, maximal left atrial volume and percent fractional change of the left atrial area during atrial systole (LA-%AC) were calculated. The ratio of peak early filling velocity to peak atrial systolic velocity (E/A) in the left ventricular inflow and the ratio of peak systolic velocity to peak diastolic velocity (S/D) in the pulmonary venous flow were measured with the pulsed Doppler method. A significant linear correlation was found between plasma ANP levels and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. Significant linear correlations were also found between left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and both maximal left atrial volume and LA-%AC. Plasma ANP level was significantly correlated with maximal left atrial volume, LA-%AC, E/A, and S/D. A multivariate analysis revealed that only LA-%AC was significantly correlated with the plasma ANP level. These results suggest that left atrial systolic dysfunction associated with a left atrial afterload mismatch is closely related to the ANP secretion.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1998
          July 1998
          14 August 1998
          : 90
          : 1
          : 13-19
          Affiliations
          a Division of Cardiology and Clinical Research, Zentsuji National Hospital, Zentsuji, and b Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tokushima University School of Medicine, Tokushima, Japan
          Article
          6810 Cardiology 1998;90:13–19
          10.1159/000006810
          9693165
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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