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      Hemodynamic Effects and Pharmacokinetics of Oral Milrinone for Short-Term Support in Acute Heart Failure

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          Abstract

          The present study evaluated the acute hemodynamic response, effects on subjective symptoms and physical findings, and the pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose (2.5, 5, or 10 mg) of milrinone in 31 patients with acute or decom-pensated heart failure. We found a significant increase in cardiac index (29, 31, and 29%, respectively, p < 0.01) and a significant decrease in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (39, 43, and 47%, respectively, p < 0.01) accompanied with improvement in subjective symptoms and physical findings. These hemodynamic effects persisted for 4-8 h after each dosage of milrinone. Dose-dependent hemodynamic response was observed between the drug concentration and percent maximum changes in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (peak milrinone concentration, 2.5 mg: 99.99 ± 57.49, 5 mg: 187.11 ± 71.37, and 10 mg: 300.94 ± 158.5 ng/ml). The finding, together with results of the Prospective Randomized Milrinone Survival Evaluation (PROMISE) study, suggests lower dose of milrinone will be useful for the short-term inodilator support in patients with acute or decompensated heart failure.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1995
          1995
          18 November 2008
          : 86
          : 1
          : 34-40
          Affiliations
          Japanese Oral Milrinone Hemodynamic Investigators: aNippon Medical School Hospital, bSurugadai Ninon University Hospital, cNihon University Hospital, dToho University Hospital, eTokyo Metropolitan Hiroo Hospital, fSakakibara Heart Institute, gOhgaki Municipal Hospital, Japan
          Article
          176828 Cardiology 1995;86:34–40
          10.1159/000176828
          7728786
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Clinical Pharmacology

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