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      SITUATION-RELATED CHANGES OF CAUSAL STRUCTURES AND THE STRESS MODEL IN JAPANESE COLLEGE STUDENTS

      Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

      Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd

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          Abstract

          Structural equation modeling was used to examine changes in the structural relationships between personality traits, social contexts, cognitive appraisals, and coping strategies in four different stressful situations. Five hundred and sixty-three Japanese college students completed questionnaires related to four stressful situations, two less controllable (feeling sick condition; human relationship problem) and two more controllable (obtaining one's goal; social evaluation). Different causal structures were found between the two situations that had lower levels of controllability and the two situations that had higher levels of controllability. The results confirm that personality determines a fundamental type of coping style, which is modified according to the social context. Our finding offers one explanation of how these factors associate across different situations.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal
          soc behav pers
          Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd
          0301-2212
          January 01 2007
          January 01 2007
          : 35
          : 7
          : 943-960
          Article
          10.2224/sbp.2007.35.7.943
          © 2007

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