The prevalence of human immuodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) is likely to increase and many of them will be on peritoneal dialysis as renal replacement therapy. Infectious complications are a major problem associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). It has been speculated that the HIV-positive peritoneal dialysis population may develop peritonitis more frequently than other peritoneal dialysis patients. We present the complications and unexpected good response to medical management of PD-associated peritonitis in a young HIV-infected black male. He had two unusual and serious infections; the first was a polymicrobial peritonitis which predisposed the patient to an unusual infection caused by Corynebacteria JK for which he was successfully treated without catheter removal.