The author points out the mission of professional families in childcare in substitute care. It approximates the benefits of professional families for children living outside their own families, especially in the area of filling their mental needs. It emphasizes the importance of a relationship that is important to the life of every person and especially to children in the process of their development. In the contribution, the author describes the legislative definition of professional parenthood in the Slovak Republic; approaches the roles of a professional parent in the care of a child, and emphasizes the importance of motivation for the performance of this profession; as well as the preparation for professional parenthood; the personality characteristic of professional parents. The author also points to the merit of cooperation between professional parents and members of a multidisciplinary team in addressing childcare issues. The contribution focuses on the benefits of professional parenting for the child, comparing this kind of childcare care provision in children's educational groups in children's homes.