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      Exoelectrogenic bacteria that power microbial fuel cells.

      Nature reviews. Microbiology

      microbiology, Electrodes, Electrochemistry, Biofilms, Bioelectric Energy Sources, Bacterial Physiological Phenomena, classification, Bacteria

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          Abstract

          There has been an increase in recent years in the number of reports of microorganisms that can generate electrical current in microbial fuel cells. Although many new strains have been identified, few strains individually produce power densities as high as strains from mixed communities. Enriched anodic biofilms have generated power densities as high as 6.9 W per m(2) (projected anode area), and therefore are approaching theoretical limits. To understand bacterial versatility in mechanisms used for current generation, this Progress article explores the underlying reasons for exocellular electron transfer, including cellular respiration and possible cell-cell communication.

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          Journal
          10.1038/nrmicro2113
          19330018

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