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      USING LEAN PRACTICES TO IMPROVE CURRENT CARBON LABELLING SCHEMES FOR CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS—A GENERAL FRAMEWORK

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          Abstract

          The construction industry has considerable environmental impacts through the process of manufacturing building materials and building construction. Many environmental labelling programs have been introduced to the construction industry to measure the environmental impacts, including building up the environmental profiles for building materials. Although absolute measurements of the environmental impacts can be obtained by these labelling programs through detailed Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies, relative measurements should not be overlooked to indicate the gap between the current and the “leanest” performance. The term “lean” is often used to describe a process with less wastes, materials, human effort, time, etc. The lean concept originates from the Toyota Production System and has been applied in the automobile industry for decades. This paper therefore aims to investigate the applicability of a relative measurement of the environmental impacts for building materials by introducing the concept of “lean score”. The research aim is narrowed down by choosing the carbon labelling program and the precast concrete products as research objectives. The results indicate that a “lean” benchmark can be built to offer relative measurements of carbon emissions for precast concrete products. The lean score obtained from the benchmarking process provides the improving potential that can help the construction industry move towards sustainability. The results are also useful for regulatory bodies to establish national standards to measure the environmental impacts for building materials.

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          Climate Change 2007

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            Analyzing the benefits of lean manufacturing and value stream mapping via simulation: A process sector case study

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              Emerging trends in building environmental assessment methods

               Raymond Cole (2010)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1552-6100
                1943-4618
                1943-4618
                Winter 2012
                : 7
                : 1
                : 173-191
                Author notes
                1Corresponding Author. Faculty of Sciences, Engineering and Health, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD 4701, Australia. Tel: (61) 07-4923-2756, E-mail: p.wu@ 123456cqu.edu.au .

                2School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Western Sydney, Penrith NSW 2751, Australia. Tel: (61) 02-4736-0468, E-mail: y.feng@ 123456uws.edu.au .

                Article
                jgb.7.1.173
                10.3992/jgb.7.1.173
                ©2012 by College Publishing. All rights reserved.

                Volumes 1-7 of JOGB are open access and do not require permission for use, though proper citation should be given. To view the licenses, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

                Page count
                Pages: 19
                Product
                Categories
                RESEARCH ARTICLES

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