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      Effect of Aggression on Peer Acceptance Among Adolescents During School Transition and Non-Transition: Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Gender and Physical Education Activities

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          Abstract

          The present study examined the effect of aggression on peer acceptance among adolescents. We focused on the moderating effects of gender and participation in physical education activities and examined whether these effects varied during school transition. We used longitudinal data of adolescents aged 10 to 17 years that were obtained from a survey that was conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute. In only early adolescence, the interaction effect of gender and physical education activity influenced the relationship between aggression and peer acceptance. Specifically, the negative relationship between aggression and peer acceptance was strengthened among female students who participated in physical education activities as compared to female students who did not. This effect was not observed in male students. However, during transition from primary to secondary school, the negative effect of physical education activities did not exist. For middle-adolescents, for whom physical education activities increased more than previous years, the negative relationship between aggression and peer acceptance worsened. These influences were the same, regardless of gender. Thus, this study suggests that physical education activities improve the negative relationship between aggression and peer acceptance during school transition.

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          Most cited references 43

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          The robustness of test statistics to nonnormality and specification error in confirmatory factor analysis.

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            From Censure to Reinforcement: Developmental Changes in the Association Between Aggression and Social Status

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                01 September 2019
                September 2019
                : 16
                : 17
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Research Institute for Basic Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Eumae-ri, Sinchang-myeon, Asan-si 315358, Korea
                [2 ]Department of Physical Education, Catholic Kwandong University, 24, Beomil-ro 579beon-gil, Gangneung-si 25601, Korea
                [3 ]Faculty of Sport and Leisure Studies, Catholic Kwandong University, 24, Beomil-ro 579beon-gil, Gangneung-si 25601, Korea
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: tlch2000@ 123456cku.ac.kr
                Article
                ijerph-16-03190
                10.3390/ijerph16173190
                6747160
                31480523
                © 2019 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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