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      Comportamientos sexuales y diferencias de género en adolescentes usuarios de un sistema público de salud universitario Translated title: Sexual behavior and gender differencesamong adolescents consultingat a university public health system


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          Translated abstract

          Background: The predetermined gender roles and the emphasis on reproductive responsibility on women, excluding men, have negative consequences on their sexual reproductive health and satisfactory sexual practices. Aim: To describe and analyze changes in sexual practices and gender differences in adolescents of the lower-middle socioeconomic level, users of public health system who started their sexual activity. Material and methods: We studied 4,971 adolescents of both sexes aged between 12 and 19 years, who consulted in a clinic for adolescents between the years 1990 and 2005. Several variables related to adolescent sexuality were considered. Uni and bivariate analysis were carried out and a model of stratified lineal regression per sex was fixed to explain the following variables: age at which sexual activity is initiated, number of sexual partners, time period between start of dating and the start of sexual activity along time. Results: The average age when men and women start their sexual activity was 15.7 and 15.5years, respectively. Along years and among women but not men, there was a reduction in the age of start of sexual activity and an increase in the number of sexual partners. The mean ¡apse between start of dating and the start of sexual activity in men and women was 6.2 and 7.5 months, respectively. This figure had an 11.696 and 13.9% reduction per year of study in females and males, respectively. Conclusions: There is an increasing expansion of sexual roles in adolescents, but certain patterns of contradictory conservative reasoning are maintained

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          Most cited references32

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          Adolescent Sexual Attitudes and Behavior: Are They Consistent?

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            La antropología feminista y la categoría de "género"

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              Social roles and physical health: the case of female disadvantage in poor countries.

              G Santow (1994)
              Women's culturally and socially determined roles greatly impair their health and that of their children through a complex web of physiological and behavioural interrelationships and synergies that pervade every aspect of their lives. Women's roles also affect their use of health services since modern health care has been absorbed so successfully into traditional structures that families tend to allocate it, like food, according to characteristics such as sex and age. Change may be occurring through the agency of female education and a redefinition of familial relationships, both of which operate to improve women's position, and hence their health. Health services could perhaps accelerate the process by revising their view of women as the natural guardians of their family's health, and by drawing other family members, and particularly husbands, into their orbit.

                Author and article information

                Revista médica de Chile
                Rev. méd. Chile
                Sociedad Médica de Santiago (Santiago, , Chile )
                October 2007
                : 135
                : 10
                : 1261-1269
                [01] orgnameUniversidad de Chile orgdiv1Facultad de Medicina orgdiv2Centro de Medicina Reproductiva y Desarrollo Integral de la Adolescencia Chile
                S0034-98872007001000005 S0034-9887(07)13501005

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                : 28 December 2006
                : 23 April 2007
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 20, Pages: 9

                SciELO Chile


                Gender identity,Adolescent,Sexuality,Sexual behavior
                Gender identity, Adolescent, Sexuality, Sexual behavior


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