To improve fishing gear efficiency, it is important to understand the interactions among sea current, fishing vessel, line hauler, and catches during pelagic longline gear retrieval. In this study, fishing gear configuration parameters, operational parameters, and 3D ocean current data were collected from Indian Ocean. Dynamic models of pelagic longline gear retrieval were built using the lumped mass method and solved using the Euler-Trapezoidal method. From the results, the pulling force of line hauler exerted on the gear was 2800–3600 N. There were no significant differences ( P > 0.05) between the time of the hook retrieval measured at sea and that obtained from the simulation. The absolute values of the movement velocity at representative nodes along the X, Y, and Z axes were 0.01–25.5 m s −1. These results suggest that the dynamic model of longline fishing gear retrieval can be used to analyze the interactions among sea current, fishing vessel, line hauler, longline gear, and catches, and to acquire the basic data for optimizing the design of the line hauler. Moreover, the model can serve as a reference to study the hydrodynamic performance of other fishing gears during the hauling process.