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      Speaking (Un-)Truth to Power: Conspiracy Mentality as a Generalised Political Attitude : Conspiracy mentality

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      European Journal of Personality
      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Antecedents and Consequences of System-Justifying Ideologies

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            Lacking control increases illusory pattern perception.

            We present six experiments that tested whether lacking control increases illusory pattern perception, which we define as the identification of a coherent and meaningful interrelationship among a set of random or unrelated stimuli. Participants who lacked control were more likely to perceive a variety of illusory patterns, including seeing images in noise, forming illusory correlations in stock market information, perceiving conspiracies, and developing superstitions. Additionally, we demonstrated that increased pattern perception has a motivational basis by measuring the need for structure directly and showing that the causal link between lack of control and illusory pattern perception is reduced by affirming the self. Although these many disparate forms of pattern perception are typically discussed as separate phenomena, the current results suggest that there is a common motive underlying them.
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              Who Sees Human? The Stability and Importance of Individual Differences in Anthropomorphism.

              Anthropomorphism is a far-reaching phenomenon that incorporates ideas from social psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, and the neurosciences. Although commonly considered to be a relatively universal phenomenon with only limited importance in modern industrialized societies-more cute than critical-our research suggests precisely the opposite. In particular, we provide a measure of stable individual differences in anthropomorphism that predicts three important consequences for everyday life. This research demonstrates that individual differences in anthropomorphism predict the degree of moral care and concern afforded to an agent, the amount of responsibility and trust placed on an agent, and the extent to which an agent serves as a source of social influence on the self. These consequences have implications for disciplines outside of psychology including human-computer interaction, business (marketing and finance), and law. Concluding discussion addresses how understanding anthropomorphism not only informs the burgeoning study of nonpersons, but how it informs classic issues underlying person perception as well.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                European Journal of Personality
                Eur. J. Pers.
                Wiley-Blackwell
                08902070
                January 2014
                January 2014
                : 28
                : 1
                : 25-43
                Article
                10.1002/per.1930
                629778f2-1dab-45b5-bc99-a208881251e1
                © 2014

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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