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      Increased Plasma Endothelin Concentration in Atherosclerotic Renovascular Hypertension

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          Abstract

          The aim was to investigate circulating levels of immunoreactive endothelin (ir-ET) in atherosclerotic renovascular hypertension (RVH), and to assess the role of the kidneys in its overall plasma concentration. We studied 16 hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis evidenced by angiography and admitted to hospital for the diagnostic evaluation of RVH by renal vein plasma renin activity (PRA) determinations. The right femoral vein was catheter-ized to simultaneously measure PRA and ir-ET in both renal veins and inferior vena cava below the origin of the renal veins. RVH was present in 9 patients as indicated by diagnostic PRA renal vein ratios and the remaining 7 patients were considered to have essential hypertension (EH). Patients with RVH showed a marked increase in systemic plasma ir-ET concentration (10.3 ± 0.9 pg/ml) as compared to hypertensives without RVH (6.2 ± 0.6 pg/ml, p < 0.005). Despite a significant increase of PRA in the vein of the ischemic (IK) versus the contralateral (CK) kidney in patients with RVH, no significant differences in ir-ET concentration were observed between both kidneys. These results indicate that patients with RVH have increased circulating levels of ir-ET. However, the higher systemic plasma ir-ET do not arise from the renal circulation, since plasma ir-ET is significantly higher in systemic circulation than in renal veins.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          18 December 2008
          : 71
          : 3
          : 291-296
          Affiliations
          aNephrology and bInternal Medicine Services, and cHormonal and dHemodynamic Laboratories, Hospital Clinic I Provincial, University of Barcelona, Spain
          Article
          188734 Nephron 1995;71:291–296
          10.1159/000188734
          8569977
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Endothelin, Hypertension, renovascular

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