The ability to solve problems is at the hart of mathematics. Mathematics is only ‘useful’
to the extent to which it can be applied to a particular situation and it is the ability
to apply mathematics to a variety of situations to which we give the name “problem
solving”.(Cockcroft1982)Teaching mathematics is one of the more important tasks of
education and upbringing of children with and without special needs. Teaching and
learning mathematics is the base for solving and applying mathematical problems.Mathematics
classroom should emphasize the exchange of ideas, between two or more persons [teacher
and pupil, pupil and pupil, pupil and textbook author (in absentia)] and the use of
mutual control mechanisms which can provide opportunities for verification and demonstration.
Teaching and learning mathematics are complex processes which teachers and pupils
assume to have a direct relationship, one to the other. Each pupil is an individual
with his/her own unique personality. Pupils acquire knowledge, skills, and attitudes
at different times, at different rates and in different ways, mainly because their
levels of readiness and ways of responding are different. All the children in the
classroom need to use their different experiences in constructing their ideas.