13
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Vascular and renal hemodynamic changes after renal denervation.

      Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
      Aged, Antihypertensive Agents, therapeutic use, Blood Pressure, drug effects, Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory, Drug Resistance, Female, Humans, Hypertension, diagnosis, drug therapy, physiopathology, surgery, Kidney, blood supply, innervation, Linear Models, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Perfusion Imaging, methods, Predictive Value of Tests, Prospective Studies, Pulse Wave Analysis, Renal Circulation, Sympathectomy, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Renal denervation (RDN) has been shown to be effective in reducing BP in treatment-resistant hypertension. Measurement of the renal and sympathetic activity revealed a decrease in sympathetic drive to the kidney and small resistance vessels after RDN. However, the consequences on renal perfusion and renal vascular resistance (RVR), as well as central hemodynamics, are unknown. Nineteen patients with treatment-resistant hypertension (office BP≥140/90 mmHg, despite at least three antihypertensive drugs [including a diuretic], and diagnosis confirmed by 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring) underwent RDN between January and October 2011. Renal perfusion and RVR were noninvasively assessed by magnetic resonance imaging with arterial spin labeling, and renal function was assessed by estimating GFR before (day -1), after (day +1), and again after 3 months of RDN. Central hemodynamics was assessed using pulse wave analysis at day -1 and after 6 months of RDN. Peripheral office BP (systolic, 158±26 versus 142±23 mmHg, P=0.002; diastolic, 83±13 versus 76±9 mmHg, P=0.02) and mean systolic 24-hour ambulatory BP (159±17 versus 152±17 mmHg, P=0.02) were significantly reduced 6 months after RDN. Renal perfusion was not statistically different between day -1 and day +1 (256.8 [interquartile range (IQR), 241-278] versus 263.4 [IQR, 252-277] ml/min per 100 g; P=0.17) as well as after 3 months (256.8 [IQR, 241-278] versus 261.2 [IQR, 240-285] ml/min per 100 g; P=0.27) after RDN. RVR dropped (432.1 [IQR, 359-525] versus 390.6 [IQR, 338-461] AU; P=0.02), whereas renal function was not statistically different at any time point. Central systolic BP (145±31 versus 131±28 mmHg; P=0.009), diastolic BP (85±18 versus 80±14 mmHg; P=0.03), and central pulse pressure (61±18 versus 52±18 mmHg; P=0.02) were significantly reduced 6 months after RDN. Central augmentation index (24±8 versus 20±8%; P=0.02) was decreased 6 months after RDN. The data indicate that RDN significantly reduced peripheral and central BP. Despite reduced systemic BP, renal perfusion and function did not change after RDN.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Comments

          Comment on this article