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      Differential Neonatal Imprinting and Regulation by Estrogen of Estrogen Receptor Subtypes α and β and of the Truncated Estrogen Receptor Product (TERP-1) mRNA Expression in the Male Rat Pituitary

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          Abstract

          Two distinct nuclear estrogen receptors (ERs) have been identified, the classical one, renamed ERα, and the more recently cloned ERβ. In a variety of tissues, gene expression of both receptor subtypes results in the generation of multiple transcripts encoding the full-length as well as several alternately spliced isoforms. In the rat pituitary, a truncated, tissue-specific variant of ERα, called TERP-1, has been identified and found able to modulate ERα and ERβ activity. So far, its pattern of expression and hormonal regulation have been mostly studied in females. The present study was designed to analyze the pattern of expression of TERP-1 mRNA in the male rat pituitary at different stages of postnatal development, and to evaluate the impact of neonatal imprinting and estrogen treatment upon TERP-1 expression in the male pituitary. Assessment of TERP-1 mRNA levels by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, using a variant-specific primer pair, revealed that TERP-1 is also expressed in the male rat pituitary. Relative mRNA expression levels changed markedly during postnatal development, with moderate expression of the TERP-1 transcript at birth, barely detectable levels during the infantile-prepubertal period, and maximal values in adulthood. Expression of TERP-1 was sensitive to neonatal estrogen exposure, which resulted in a significant, persistent increase in mRNA levels from the infantile period until puberty. This phenomenon was not mimicked by neonatal blockade of endogenous GnRH. In addition, estrogen was able to acutely up-regulate pituitary TERP-1 mRNA expression levels in prepubertal (30-day-old) and adult (75-day-old) males. Interestingly, neonatal imprinting as well as acute estrogen treatment resulted in opposite effects on TERP-1 and full-length ERα and ERβ transcripts, the latter being decreased under both conditions. In conclusion, our data indicate that TERP-1 mRNA is expressed in a developmentally regulated manner in the male rat pituitary, and is affected by neonatal estrogen imprinting and acute estrogen treatment. Regulation of TERP-1 expression by neonatal or acute estrogen treatment may thus represent an additional tuning mechanism for estrogen actions in the male rat pituitary.

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          Most cited references 7

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          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2001
                November 2001
                07 November 2001
                : 74
                : 5
                : 347-358
                Affiliations
                Department of Physiology, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain
                Article
                54701 Neuroendocrinology 2001;74:347–358
                10.1159/000054701
                11694766
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 6, Tables: 3, References: 52, Pages: 12
                Categories
                Differentiation of Hypothalamic Neurons and Pituitary Cells

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