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A Low-Power, Wireless, Capacitive Sensing Frontend Based on a Self-Oscillating Inductive Link

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      Most cited references 24

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      A Batteryless 19 $\mu$W MICS/ISM-Band Energy Harvesting Body Sensor Node SoC for ExG Applications

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        A wireless-implantable microsystem for continuous blood glucose monitoring.

         G Jullien,  M Ahmadi (2009)
        A remotely powered implantable microsystem for continuous blood glucose monitoring is presented. The microsystem consists of a microfabricated glucose biosensor flip-chip bonded to a transponder chip. The transponder chip is inductively powered by an external reader with a 13.56-MHz carrier. It then measures the output signal of the glucose biosensor and transmits the measured data back to the external reader using load-shift keying (LSK). The microsystem has a volume of 32 mm(3). The procedures for the microfabrication of the glucose sensor and the assembly of the microsystem are described along with the description of the circuit blocks of the transponder chip. The transponder chip has been fabricated with the TSMC 0.18-mum CMOS process and has a total area of 1.3 x 1.3 mm(2). The chip can measure the sensor output current ranging from 1 nA to 1 muA with less than 0.3% nonlinearity error, provided that the amplitude of the received RF signal is higher than 2.6 V; the circuit consumes a total current of about 110 muA.
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          A Wireless, Passive Sensor for Quantifying Packaged Food Quality

          This paper describes the fabrication of a wireless, passive sensor based on an inductive-capacitive resonant circuit, and its application for in situ monitoring of the quality of dry, packaged food such as cereals, and fried and baked snacks. The sensor is made of a planar inductor and capacitor printed on a paper substrate. To monitor food quality, the sensor is embedded inside the food package by adhering it to the package's inner wall; its response is remotely detected through a coil connected to a sensor reader. As food quality degrades due to increasing humidity inside the package, the paper substrate absorbs water vapor, changing the capacitor's capacitance and the sensor's resonant frequency. Therefore, the taste quality of the packaged food can be indirectly determined by measuring the change in the sensor's resonant frequency. The novelty of this sensor technology is its wireless and passive nature, which allows in situ determination of food quality. In addition, the simple fabrication process and inexpensive sensor material ensure a low sensor cost, thus making this technology economically viable.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
            IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I
            Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
            1549-8328
            1558-0806
            September 2018
            September 2018
            : 65
            : 9
            : 2645-2656
            10.1109/TCSI.2018.2835148
            © 2018
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