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      Preparation and anisotropic properties of textured structural ceramics: A review

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          Abstract

          Ceramics are usually composed of randomly oriented grains and intergranular phases, so their properties are the statistical average along each direction and show isotropy corresponding to the uniform microstructures. Some methods have been developed to achieve directional grain arrangement and preferred orientation growth during ceramic preparation, and then textured ceramics with anisotropic properties are obtained. Texture microstructures give particular properties to ceramics along specific directions, which can effectively expand their application fields. In this review, typical texturing techniques suitable for ceramic materials, such as hot working, magnetic alignment, and templated grain growth (TGG), are discussed. Several typical textured structural ceramics including α-Al 2O 3 and related nacre bioinspired ceramics, Si 3N 4 and SiAlON, h-BN, MB 2 matrix ultra-high temperature ceramics, MAX phases and their anisotropic properties are presented.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Adv Ceram
          Journal of Advanced Ceramics
          Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (USA )
          2227-8508
          2226-4108
          01 September 2019
          01 October 2019
          : 8
          : 3
          : 289-332
          Affiliations
          aKey Laboratory of Advanced Structural-Functional Integration Materials & Green Manufacturing Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
          bInstitute for Advanced Ceramics, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
          cState Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding and Joining, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding authors: X. Duan, E-mail: duanxiaoming@ 123456hit.edu.cn , dxmhit@ 123456126.com ; D. Jia, dcjia@ 123456hit.edu.cn
          Article
          s40145-019-0325-5
          10.1007/s40145-019-0325-5
          Copyright © The Author(s)

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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