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      First-Principles Calculation of the Bulk Photovoltaic Effect in CH3NH3PbI3 and CH3NH3PbI(3-x)Cl(x).

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          Abstract

          Hybrid halide perovskites exhibit nearly 20% power conversion efficiency, but the origin of their high efficiency is still unknown. Here, we compute the shift current, a dominant mechanism of the bulk photovoltaic (PV) effect for ferroelectric photovoltaics, in CH₃NH₃PbI₃ and CH₃NH₃PbI(3-x)Cl(x) from first-principles. We find that these materials give approximately three times larger shift current PV response to near-IR and visible light than the prototypical ferroelectric photovoltaic BiFeO₃. The molecular orientations of CH₃NH₃⁺ can strongly affect the corresponding PbI₃ inorganic frame so as to alter the magnitude of the shift current response. Specifically, configurations with dipole moments aligned in parallel distort the inorganic PbI₃ frame more significantly than configurations with near-net-zero dipole, yielding a larger shift current response. Furthermore, we explore the effect of Cl substitution on shift current and find that Cl substitution at the equatorial site induces a larger response than does substitution at the apical site.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Phys Chem Lett
          The journal of physical chemistry letters
          1948-7185
          1948-7185
          Jan 2 2015
          : 6
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] The Makineni Theoretical Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6323, United States.
          Article
          10.1021/jz502109e
          26263087

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