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      Gentlemen and Geology: the Emergence of a Scientific Career, 1660–1920

      The Historical Journal
      Cambridge University Press (CUP)

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          Abstract

          Historians will give no thanks for being told that professionalization models are fraught with pitfalls as putative interpretations of scientific development. When deployed stricto sensu, essentially to trace the evolution of the remunerated career structure, the concept of professionalization invites blinkered antiquarian administrative history. Too easily, however, the jargon can serve as a blanket pseudo-explanation of the key phenomena of modern science, and thereby it loses all precision. Thus a recent author, having noted that professionalization is a Protean term, concludes ‘perhaps we can use it to mean the emergence of a scientific community’. But this runs the risk of collapsing quite distinct concepts into each other, and thereby of begging the very questions which must be faced.

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          Most cited references29

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          Scientist:The story of a word

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            Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth

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              Charles Lyell and the Principles of the History of Geology

              Roy Porter (1976)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                The Historical Journal
                Hist. J.
                Cambridge University Press (CUP)
                0018-246X
                1469-5103
                December 1978
                February 11 2009
                December 1978
                : 21
                : 4
                : 809-836
                Article
                10.1017/S0018246X78000024
                6375052f-16cc-4621-964a-f08340c4c95c
                © 1978

                https://www.cambridge.org/core/terms

                History

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