Objective To summarize the global research hotspots and trends of family intervention on autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to provide ideas for the development of localized research on family intervention for ASD in China.
Methods This study used the bibliometric software CiteSpace to conduct visual analysis on emerging cutting-edge documents in the Web of Science core database in the field of family intervention for autism in the past 20 years (2001-2020). Data collection used 7 subject terms related to family caregiver intervention in February 2021. A total of 2 342 literature was obtained after data sorting.
Results The number of international publications has risen rapidly since 2013. The average annual number of international publications was 29 during 2001-2012, then 250 during 2013-2020, which increased by 8 times. Among them, the United States ranked the top of publication with 1 295 articles, while publications from two universities in Canada and the United Kingdom showed higher impacts. The high-frequency keywords that reflected the international hotspots included children, adolescent, mother, behavior, and stress; the high-centrality keywords included follow-up, intellectual disability, early recognition, young children and language.
Conclusion The research hotspots in the field of ASD family intervention in the past 20 years included targets, strategies and forms, as well as the implementation effects of ASD family interventions. The trends of research in the past five years (2016-2020) mainly focus on the intervention studies of children, adolescents and adults with ASD and the randomized controlled trials of ASD family intervention focusing on caregivers.
【摘要】 目的 总结现有孤独症谱系障碍 (autism spectrum disorder, ASD) 家庭干预研究的国际热点与趋势, 为开展中国 ASD 家庭干预的本土化研究提供思路。 方法 采用文献计量软件 CiteSpace 对 Web of Science 核心数据库中 2001—2020 年孤独症家庭干预领域的前沿文献进行可视化分析。数据采集以家庭照顾者干预相关的 7 个主题词为检索词, 采集时间 为 2021 年 2 月, 经过数据整理, 最终纳于分析的文献为 2 342 篇。 结果 国际发文量自 2013 年起上升速度较快, 2001— 2012 年在国际上的年平均发文量为 29 篇, 2013—2020 年的年平均发文量为 250 篇, 增加了近 8 倍。其中美国发文 1 295 篇, 贡献居首位, 加拿大和英国的两所髙校的文章影响力更大。体现国际热点的髙频关键词依次为 children, adolescent, mother, behavior, stress 等; 髙中心性关键词依次为 follow-up, intellectual disability, early recognition, young children, language 等。 结论 ASD 家庭干预领域近 20 年的研究热点包括家庭干预对象、家庭干预策略与实施者和家庭干预的实施效果三大 方面。2016—2020 年的研究前沿主要针对儿童、青少年以及成年时期 ASD 患者的干预研究和侧重于照顾者的 ASD 家庭 干预随机对照试验。