18 May 2017
The 6th Translational Bioinformatics Conference (TBC 2016)
15-17 October 2016
With the invention of fitness trackers, it has been possible to continuously monitor a user’s biometric data such as heart rates, number of footsteps taken, and amount of calories burned. This paper names the time series of these three types of biometric data, the user’s “activeness”, and investigates the feasibility in modeling and predicting the long-term activeness of the user.
The dataset used in this study consisted of several months of biometric time-series data gathered by seven users independently. Four recurrent neural network (RNN) architectures–as well as a deep neural network and a simple regression model–were proposed to investigate the performance on predicting the activeness of the user under various length-related hyper-parameter settings. In addition, the learned model was tested to predict the time period when the user’s activeness falls below a certain threshold.
A preliminary experimental result shows that each type of activeness data exhibited a short-term autocorrelation; and among the three types of data, the consumed calories and the number of footsteps were positively correlated, while the heart rate data showed almost no correlation with neither of them. It is probably due to this characteristic of the dataset that although the RNN models produced the best results on modeling the user’s activeness, the difference was marginal; and other baseline models, especially the linear regression model, performed quite admirably as well. Further experimental results show that it is feasible to predict a user’s future activeness with precision, for example, a trained RNN model could predict–with the precision of 84%–when the user would be less active within the next hour given the latest 15 min of his activeness data.
|ScienceOpen disciplines:||Bioinformatics & Computational biology|
|Keywords:||recurrent neural network, heart rate, time series modeling, activeness prediction, footstep, calorie|