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      Efficacy and safety of duloxetine 60 mg once daily in major depressive disorder: a review with expert commentary

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          Abstract

          Objective:

          Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a significant public health concern and challenges health care providers to intervene with appropriate treatment. This article provides an overview of efficacy and safety information for duloxetine 60 mg/day in the treatment of MDD, including its effect on painful physical symptoms (PPS).

          Design:

          A literature search was conducted for articles and pooled analyses reporting information regarding the use of duloxetine 60 mg/day in placebo-controlled trials.

          Setting:

          Placebo-controlled, active-comparator, short- and long-term studies were reviewed.

          Participants:

          Adult (≥18 years) patients with MDD.

          Measurements:

          Effect sizes for continuous outcome (change from baseline to endpoint) and categorical outcome (response and remission rates) were calculated using the primary measures of 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-17) or Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score. The Brief Pain Inventory and Visual Analogue Scales were used to assess improvements in PPS. Glass estimation method was used to calculate effect sizes, and numbers needed to treat (NNT) were calculated based on HAMD-17 and MADRS total scores for remission and response rates. Safety data were examined via the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events and by mean changes in vital-sign measures.

          Results:

          Treatment with duloxetine was associated with small-to-moderate effect sizes in the range of 0.12 to 0.72 for response rate and 0.07 to 0.65 for remission rate. NNTs were in the range of 3 to 16 for response and 3 to 29 for remission. Statistically significant improvements ( p≤0.05) were observed in duloxetine-treated patients compared to placebo-treated patients in PPS and quality of life. The safety profile of the 60-mg dose was consistent with duloxetine labeling, with the most commonly observed significant adverse events being nausea, dry mouth, diarrhea, dizziness, constipation, fatigue, and decreased appetite.

          Conclusion:

          These results reinforce the efficacy and tolerability of duloxetine 60 mg/day as an effective short- and long-term treatment for adults with MDD. The evidence of the independent analgesic effect of duloxetine 60 mg/day supports its use as a treatment for patients with PPS associated with depression. This review is limited by the fact that it included randomized clinical trials with different study designs. Furthermore, data from randomized controlled trials may not generalize well to real clinical practice.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Drugs Context
          Drugs Context
          DIC
          Drugs in Context
          Just Medical Media Limited
          1745-1981
          1740-4398
          2013
          03 January 2013
          : 2013
          Affiliations
          [1 ]Lilly Research Laboratory, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA;
          [2 ]Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA;
          [3 ]Lilly Research Centre, Windlesham, Surrey, UK;
          [4 ]The Gordon Hospital, London, UK
          Author notes
          Correspondence address: Susan G. Ball, PhD, Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA, Email ballsg@ 123456lilly.com

          Provenance: Submitted; externally peer reviewed

          Competing interests: The Author has declared that there are no competing interests

          Article
          dic_212245
          10.7573/dic.212245
          3884746
          © 2013 Ball SG, Desaiah D, Zhang Q, Thase ME, Perahia DGS.

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0) which allows unrestricted sharing, copying and distribution for personal use provided it is properly attributed. Commercial use is not permitted.

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          Review

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