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      Fiocruz Biological Collections: strengthening Brazil's biodiversity knowledge and scientific applications opportunities

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          Abstract

          Biological collections are central in understanding and preserving life on Earth. In Brazil, the most representative collections are kept by natural history museums, whose primary focus is in invertebrates, vertebrates and vascular plants. Only a few institutions keep repositories in different kingdoms. The Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), established in 1900, is a strategic public health institution of the Ministry of Health of Brazil. As such, Fiocruz is responsible for a wide range of activities, from basic research to the development and production of vaccines, drugs, reagents and diagnostic kits. Its biological collections were soon established in the expeditions made by naturalists and physicians seeking integrated knowledge of the fauna, flora and tropical diseases. Since then, they have been part of the institutional policy. In a few decades, those collections were already in the forefront of basic and applied research on tropical parasitic and infectious diseases. Currently, they comprise thirty-three repositories representing part of the Brazilian diversity of bacteria, fungi, protozoa , helminths, arthropods, molluscs and plants of medical and environmental importance. Different methods of long-term preservation are applied for the conservation of this wide range of organisms represented by about 6 million specimens. Herein, we describe this range of collections and discuss their complementary role as repositories of groups not represented in other biological collections in Brazil. These valuable biological materials have been used in public health and medical research, as well as for technological development and innovation in Brazil. Parallel to this specific usage, Fiocruz biological collections have played and continue to play a unique and important role in understanding and conserving part of Brazil’s biodiversity that is currently under-represented in other biological and natural history collections in Brazil and South America.

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          Convention on Biological Diversity

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            Wildlife biologists are on the right track: A mammalogist's view of specimen collection

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              Fiocruz microbial collections: the impact of biodiversity to public health

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2020
                24 June 2020
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Vice-presidency of Research and Biological Collections, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Vice-presidency of Research and Biological Collections, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Rio de Janeiro Brazil
                [2 ] Institutional Platform Biodiversity and Wild Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Institutional Platform Biodiversity and Wild Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Rio de Janeiro Brazil
                [3 ] Fiocruz Atlantic Forest, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Fiocruz Atlantic Forest, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Rio de Janeiro Brazil
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Manuela da Silva ( manuela.dasilva@ 123456fiocruz.br ).

                Academic editor: Vincent Smith

                Article
                53607 13894
                10.3897/BDJ.8.e53607
                7329917
                Manuela da Silva, Marcia Chame, Ricardo Moratelli

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 2, References: 6
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