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      Application of a computational model for Michael addition reactivity in the prediction of toxicity to Tetrahymena pyriformis.

      Chemosphere
      Computer Simulation, Ecotoxicology, methods, Organic Chemicals, chemistry, pharmacokinetics, toxicity, Solubility, Tetrahymena pyriformis, drug effects, Toxicity Tests, Acute, Water, Water Pollutants, Chemical

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          Abstract

          A computational model to predict acute aquatic toxicity to the ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis has been developed. A general prediction of toxicity can be based on three consecutive steps: 1. Identification of a potential reactive mechanism via structural alerts; 2. Confirmation and quantification of (bio)chemical reactivity; 3. Establishing a relationship between calculated reactivity and toxicity. The method described herein uses a combination of a reactive toxicity (RT) model, including computed kinetic rate constants for adduct formation (log k) via a Michael acceptor mechanism of action, and baseline toxicity (BT), modelled by hydrophobicity (octanol-water partition coefficient). The maximum of the RT and BT values defines acute toxicity for a particular compound. The reactive toxicity model is based on site-specific steric and quantum chemical ground state electronic properties. The performance of the model was examined in terms of predicting the toxicity of 106 potential Michael acceptor compounds covering several classes of compounds (aldehydes, ketones, esters, heterocycles). The advantages of the computational method are described. The method allows for a closer and more transparent mechanistic insight into the molecular initiating events of toxicological endpoints. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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