8
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Prenatal Development of Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene Expression and Immunoreactivity in the Rat Brain and Pituitary Gland: A Combined in situ Hybridization and Immunocytochemical Analysis

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          By means of in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical techniques it has been possible to follow the prenatal development of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) messenger RNA (mRNA) expression and GR immunoreactivity (IR) in the rat brain from embryonic day (E) 15 to 22. A 700-base-pair GR cDNA fragment was used for RNA probe generation. In the immunocytochemical analysis a mouse monoclonal antibody (IgG2a) against the rat liver GR was used in combination with the indirect fluorescence technique or the avidin-biotin immunoperoxidase method. At E15 till E22 a moderate to strong GR mRNA signal was observed within the neuro-epithelium from the medulla oblongata to the telencephalon. A moderate to strong labelling was also present within the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, the arcuate nucleus, the nucleus raphe magnus, the nucleus raphe obscurus and the locus coeruleus. In these areas a weak to moderate nuclear GR IR developed in nerve cells 1 or 2 days after the appearance of the GR mRNA signal. From El 5 the adenohypophysis showed the strongest expression of GR mRNA. At E17 a strong GR IR was especially demonstrated in the nuclei of many pituitary cells, some exhibiting adrenocorticotropin IR. The results open up the possibility that there exist active GR in embryonic life capable of regulating proliferation events within the adenohypophysis and the neuro-epithelia of the brain. This embryonic GR may modulate the development of inter alia neuro-endocrine areas such as the paraventricular and arcuate nuclei and arousal-related areas such as the central 5-hydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline neuronal systems. Provided that this embryonic GR is capable of becoming activated by glucocorticoids in fetal life, it may mediate several neurochemical and behavioural impairments caused by prenatal stress.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1993
          1993
          08 April 2008
          : 57
          : 6
          : 1133-1147
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Histology and Neurobiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm; bDepartment of Medical Nutrition, Huddinge University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden
          Article
          126480 Neuroendocrinology 1993;57:1133–1147
          10.1159/000126480
          8232769
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 15
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article